Go Set A Watchman

Exactly 100 pages into Harper Lee’s Go Set a Watchman, the illusions of Jean Louise Finch and several generations of idealists are shattered when, arranging her father’s pile of reading material on a visit home from New York, Jean Louise discovers a pamphlet called “The Black Plague.” She picks it up, reads it all the way through, then takes it “by one of its corners … like she would hold a dead rat by the tail” and throws it in the garbage.
“Jean Louise,” her aunt says, in response to her indignation. “I don’t think you fully realize what’s been going on down here.”
It’s an awakening that’s not so much rude as cruel: Maycomb County, Alabama, is now a different world from the one she grew up in, and To Kill a Mockingbird’s Atticus Finch, the paragon of the legal profession, the father figure and steward of the nation’s conscience, is revealed to be frail and flawed. He is, at 72, a rheumatic and unrepentant segregationist who believes with complete conviction that the white race is superior. “Jean Louise, have you ever considered that you can’t have a set of backward people living among people advanced in one civilization and have a social Arcadia?” he asks late in the book, to her horror. “Do you want Negroes by the carload in the our schools and churches and theaters? Do you want them in our world?”
The article has been taken from “The New Yorker ”.


Illusion is something that deceives by producing a false or misleading projection of something. “illusion of … are shattered” means what they thought it to be, it has turned out to be something else.
Idealist here refers to the writers who treat subject imaginatively. So when the illusion of idealist are shattered, it means that the picture they had imagined is not true.
Pamphlet is a complete publication of about 80 pages stitched together and having a cover.
Indignation is a strong displeasure at something considered wrong or offensive. So, herein her aunt responds to her behavior of displeasure.
Paragon refers to someone of exceptional merit. So, “paragon of legal profession” means someone who is excellent in the legal profession.
Steward, here means a person who is in charge of something. “so steward of national conscience is a person responsible for the national conscience”.
Conscience refers to the inner sense of what is right and what is wrong. “the national conscience” means what according to the nation as a whole is right or wrong!
Frail, here means, morally weak and easily tempted. In this context, it means that the person who was responsible for the nation’s conscience was himself morally weak.
Flawed is used to refer to someone who has imperfections.
Rheumatic is a person with the disorder of the extremities or back, causing pain.
Unrepentant is a person who shows no shame about his/ her actions.
Segregationist is a person who supports the separation of the people depending on their caste, gender etc.
Conviction here means strong opinion or belief. Here it means that the person had a strong belief that white race is superior.
Carload refers to the number of people a car is carrying or it can carry. “Do you want Negroes by the carload in the our schools and churches and theaters?” means that do you as many Negros in the school as the car can carry.


Imperative Sentence

Imperative sentences are the ones that are used to make a command, request or express a desire. An imperative sentence can either be simple, compound or complex. Some of the simplest sentences in English are the imperative sentences.

For example-:

  • Stop!
  • Go!

Note: don’t get confused as to why I have used an exclamation mark if it is an imperative sentence!An imperative sentence can either end with a period or an exclamation mark depending on the strength of the emotion.
Examples Of Imperative Sentence

  • Shut the door!
  • Can I have your pen, please.
  • Just do it.

Note: an imperative sentence need not to necessarily have a please while making a request; however, you can add it if you want.
You must be wondering where is the subject in imperative sentences. Well, an imperative sentence always has a subject and it is “YOU”.
[you] open the door.
[you] please, give me your notebook.

Imperative Verbs

Imperative sentences contain verbs in the imperative form. This means that the verb is used to either make a command or request or desire. These verbs can be used as objects in other sentences.
For example-:

  1. TALK politely.
    You are not allowed to talk here.
  2. TURN off the radio.
    We took a wrong turn and got late for the show.

Imperative sentences can even be used in academic papers and are often used to increase depth in your writing.

Grammar Rules For Imperative Sentence
  1. We can make imperative sentences with bare infinitives (without to).
    For Example-:
    Be strong.
    Let him go.
    You dare not touch it.

  2. When making negative imperative sentences use don’t or do not.
    For Example-:
    Don’t mess with the teachers.
    Do not enter into the room without knocking.

  3. The name of the person can be written in an imperative sentence, but that is usually at the end of the sentence.
    For example-:
    Please pass me the book, Nitika.

  4. If you are talking to more than one person use the pronoun “you” to make a distinction.
    For example-:
    You park the car and you come along with me.
    You wait here while I’ll send them off.


Complaint Letter # IELTS Writing (Level Band 5.5)

Write Complaint Letter

You have bought a mobile phone in a tax free shop just a few days ago and it does not work properly. Write a letter to the manager to complain about it and ask him to solve the problem. In your letter:

Write at least 150 words.



Answer(Level Band 5.5)


Dear Sir/Madam,

I am writing in regard to the mobile phone that I purchased from your store which is a Samsung Galaxy S 6. When I used this phone initially, it worked smoothly but after 2 days it began giving trouble as the screen would go off. This kept happening at an interval of nearly every half hour and this problem kept aggravating.

I tried switching off the phone and restarting it but somehow it did not make any difference. After sometime, it gave up completely and now I cannot switch it on at all. All my contacts and files are in the phone which I am unable to access and this problem is hampering my business as I cannot make or take any calls.

I earnestly request you to look for a solution to this problem by either changing the phone or fixing the same as soon as possible. I would appreciate it if this could be done at the earliest as time is of the essence here.

Yours Sincerely,

Jagbeer Kaur

Solve Growing Traffic And Pollution Problems # IELTS Essay


Increasing the price of petrol is the best to solve growing traffic and pollution problems.
To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion? What other measures do you think might be effective?

Topic (Essay Level Band 7.0)

In today’s world the main problems which we face in our everyday lives are related to traffic congestion and high levels of pollution. Both these problems, which are inter-related, affect people to a great extent as everyone has to commute for personal and professional reasons. Increasing the price of petrol is not the best way to solve these problems but it can help to reduce them to quite an extent.

These days, everyone uses private vehicles for commuting daily for personal and professional reasons as it is a more comfortable means of travel. This results in the increase of the level of pollution due to the toxic and poisonous fumes emitted by theses vehicles. A reduction in the price of petrol can dissuade a few people from using their vehicles as its usage would become costly. But in general, people who prefer the comfort of their own vehicles would continue to use them irrespective of the decrease in petrol costs. So it is only to an extent this would help curtail the traffic and pollution problems.



There can be other measures which can be used to curb the growth of traffic and pollution. First and foremost, public transport should be made easily and cheaply available to the public so that it can become affordable for all people. Secondly, the routes for such transport should also be increased and expanded, especially to those areas where commutation is difficult. Lastly, a tax can be levied on all vehicles which are used by people for personal and professional use.
In conclusion, it can be said that the decrease in the price of petrol would not be a very effective way of curbing traffic and pollution related problems and other measures should be devised to keep these in check.



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IELTS Band 7 Dehradun 323,GMS Road, Above Axis Bank, Near Ballupur Chowk, Dehradun , India – 248001

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