IELTS Writing task 2: Horizontal and vertical cities

Writing task 2 
You should spend 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic:
Some people believe that it is better to live and work in vertical cities. Others, however, think that horizontal cities are better for living and working.
Discuss both views and give your own opinion.
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant example from your own knowledge or experience.
Write at least 250 words.

Sample Answer


With industrialization came urbanisation meaning the formation and development of Metropolitan cities.   These mega cities tended to grow at rapid paces, sometimes vertically and sometimes horizontally. Depending on the authorities and the level of development at the time, there developed vast differences between the two.

The first type of city, the horizontal city, was usually found under rich and liberal governments housing individual cottages with wide lanes and private gardens. Today these cities, also referred to as garden cities, are spread out on a vast area of land usually in sparsely populated expanses.  Living and working in such a city would definitely be a pleasure, although the real estate prices in such locations tend to be unusually high. The drawbacks would mainly be regarding the area of natural habitation which constantly needs to be cleared in order to maintain the pace of development.

The other type of city that is the vertical city is more commonplace nowadays. The origin of most of these cities was due to the unfettered growth of population and lack of land for further development, which forced people to move skyward. Here, work is easily available and property prices tend to be much more affordable as compared to the horizontal cities. Although the main problems with these cities include sound nuisance, garbage management, water shortages and a host of other problems, land is not an issue. These urban spaces not only offer modern and sustainable living but also provide room for corporate development.

To give my opinion as a summary, I would state that looking at today’s advancements and weighing the pros and cons of both lifestyle choices, horizontal cities sound very appealing but are not likely to last for very long.  In contrast, vertical cities are by far more economical and sustainable. I believe that vertical cities are the way forward.

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IELTS Writing task 2: Spending money on life beyond earth: discuss

Writing task 2

If governments should spend money on finding life beyond earth or is it a waste of money and we should focus on problems on earth.

Discuss.

Write at least 250 words.

Sample Answer

Every year governments of rich nations spend billions of dollars for exploration of space and extra-terrestrial life. Considering the problems on earth, this expenditure on space programmes has become a highly debatable topic. Some people are in favour of investing time and money in search for life beyond earth. Others, however, feel that this money should be used for improving the quality of life on earth. In my opinion, space research is an investment for our future generations. Definitely, pressing problems like famine, illiteracy, unemployment, poverty and many more deserve attention. Sincere efforts at a national and global level are required to solve them.

It is certainly true that space research is an expensive affair. In my view, the ultimate objective of searching extra-terrestrial life is to find a new home for humans. If we look at the exploitation of resources like land, water and fossil fuels etc., it is possible that our earth will not be able to sustain the pressure of rising population. Exploring space is therefore paramount for a sustainable future. If we look for life beyond earth, we can come across fascinating discoveries such as planets that can be our future motherland.

Coming to the current issues on earth, the biggest problem is the unfettered growth of global population which has crossed the mark of 7.5 billion. Fulfilling the basic needs such as food, accommodation, and education etc. of their citizens is a herculean task for the governments of underdeveloped and developing countries. Climate change, pollution and terrorism are some other major global problems. Unquestionably, handling these problems is as important as finding life beyond earth.

To sum up, spending money in search for extra-terrestrial life is vital. It should not be viewed as a waste of money.

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IELTS Essay Sample Questions # Economics of Tobacco

Tobacco is one big industry with its claws spread all over the world. Although there is no denying on the negative health concerns that tobacco consumption raises, we in a long run have not seen any ban. The primary reason is the benefits the tobacco industry contributes towards the world’s economic growth and is a prime source of income for many forgotten livelihoods. This time we are looking at an IELTS essay sample answer on the economics of tobacco.

You should spend 40 minutes on this task. 

Despite its negative health effects, the tobacco industry remains an important part of the economy of many nations. Discuss.

You should write at least 250 words.

SAMPLE ANSWER

Tobacco is one of the leading causes of death across the world, causing death ranging from cancer to ischemic heart diseases among many others. Despite its negative health effects, the tobacco industry is beneficial to the global economy at primary, secondary and tertiary level. Firstly, it provides a source of income to the otherwise poor families in rural areas. Secondly, it is a livelihood for many small businessmen and the street vendors in the country. The tobacco industry has an appalling negative impact on the society but its economic contribution cannot be neglected.

Tobacco is the main source for many livelihoods living in many countries around the world. It requires less fertile soil on the farm or region and produces better results from tobacco per unit land. In addition, growing tobacco gives way to the successful production of other crops along with animal rearing.

Even more, the tobacco industry is also a source of income for many street vendors in big cities. Most vendors serve tea, newspaper etc along with tobacco to ensure higher income. Also, there are bars and restaurants that serve different forms of tobacco for profit margins.

Moreover, tobacco industry also benefits the government from the foreign exchange when exporting it to other countries. For instance, Brazil earns around 2% from exporting tobacco to the world.

Overall, the tobacco industry has laid down its root in our systems giving the society certain monetarily benefits. However, a cumulative effort from within the society and government to channelize the economy in a way that dependence on tobacco industry can be minimised, both of individuals and society is the need of the hour.

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IELTS ESSAY SAMPLE QUESTIONS # SALARY HIKE

You should spend 40 minutes on this task.

Directors of large companies often receive much bigger salary increases than ordinary workers. Employers’ organisations say that in a global market this is necessary to attract the best management talent.

What are your views?

Write at least 250 words.

Sample Answer

In the past few years, the corporate sector has witnessed immense growth globally. This progress has created several job opportunities for professionals in various fields at all levels. When it comes to salaries, we often see a huge difference between the earnings of the ordinary employees and top managers. Senior managers usually draw massive salaries whereas the junior and middle level workers are paid just average amounts.

In my viewpoint, I would agree with the statement that directors should be paid more as compared to their subordinates. Firstly, their job responsibilities, working skills and problem-solving attitude are significantly different from that of the other employees of the organization. Secondly, executive directors and managers are accountable for the profits and losses of their companies. They have a tight schedule as they have to fulfill their responsibilities within the given duration. Considering all these factors, I think that the senior managers deserve a higher payroll.

Moreover, an attractive salary acts as a motivation for the workers as they will also work harder to reach the top position. Therefore, companies can use this factor for inculcating a sense of healthy competition among employees. It also helps in getting the best out of them.

To conclude, we can say that it is vital for companies to provide impressive salary hikes to their directors.  This practice motivates the staff to work diligently for reaching higher positions in the organization.

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