IELTS Essay Sample Questions # Economics of Tobacco

Tobacco is one big industry with its claws spread all over the world. Although there is no denying on the negative health concerns that tobacco consumption raises, we in a long run have not seen any ban. The primary reason is the benefits the tobacco industry contributes towards the world’s economic growth and is a prime source of income for many forgotten livelihoods. This time we are looking at an IELTS essay sample answer on the economics of tobacco.

You should spend 40 minutes on this task. 

Despite its negative health effects, the tobacco industry remains an important part of the economy of many nations. Discuss.

You should write at least 250 words.

SAMPLE ANSWER

Tobacco is one of the leading causes of death across the world, causing death ranging from cancer to ischemic heart diseases among many others. Despite its negative health effects, the tobacco industry is beneficial to the global economy at primary, secondary and tertiary level. Firstly, it provides a source of income to the otherwise poor families in rural areas. Secondly, it is a livelihood for many small businessmen and the street vendors in the country. The tobacco industry has an appalling negative impact on the society but its economic contribution cannot be neglected.

Tobacco is the main source for many livelihoods living in many countries around the world. It requires less fertile soil on the farm or region and produces better results from tobacco per unit land. In addition, growing tobacco gives way to the successful production of other crops along with animal rearing.

Even more, the tobacco industry is also a source of income for many street vendors in big cities. Most vendors serve tea, newspaper etc along with tobacco to ensure higher income. Also, there are bars and restaurants that serve different forms of tobacco for profit margins.

Moreover, tobacco industry also benefits the government from the foreign exchange when exporting it to other countries. For instance, Brazil earns around 2% from exporting tobacco to the world.

Overall, the tobacco industry has laid down its root in our systems giving the society certain monetarily benefits. However, a cumulative effort from within the society and government to channelize the economy in a way that dependence on tobacco industry can be minimised, both of individuals and society is the need of the hour.

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IELTS ESSAY SAMPLE QUESTIONS # SALARY HIKE

You should spend 40 minutes on this task.

Directors of large companies often receive much bigger salary increases than ordinary workers. Employers’ organisations say that in a global market this is necessary to attract the best management talent.

What are your views?

Write at least 250 words.

Sample Answer

In the past few years, the corporate sector has witnessed immense growth globally. This progress has created several job opportunities for professionals in various fields at all levels. When it comes to salaries, we often see a huge difference between the earnings of the ordinary employees and top managers. Senior managers usually draw massive salaries whereas the junior and middle level workers are paid just average amounts.

In my viewpoint, I would agree with the statement that directors should be paid more as compared to their subordinates. Firstly, their job responsibilities, working skills and problem-solving attitude are significantly different from that of the other employees of the organization. Secondly, executive directors and managers are accountable for the profits and losses of their companies. They have a tight schedule as they have to fulfill their responsibilities within the given duration. Considering all these factors, I think that the senior managers deserve a higher payroll.

Moreover, an attractive salary acts as a motivation for the workers as they will also work harder to reach the top position. Therefore, companies can use this factor for inculcating a sense of healthy competition among employees. It also helps in getting the best out of them.

To conclude, we can say that it is vital for companies to provide impressive salary hikes to their directors.  This practice motivates the staff to work diligently for reaching higher positions in the organization.

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IELTS Ghaziabad Utter Pardesh Tel: 7840860007

IELTS Essay Sample Questions # Personal Debts

IELTS Essay Sample Questions # Personal Debts

You should spend 40 minutes on this task.
Many people are using credit cards or loans to run up huge personal debts that they may be unable to repay. It should, therefore, be made more difficult for individuals to borrow large amounts of money.
What is your opinion on this?
You should write at least 250 words.

Sample Answer

In present times, banks have become more than just a place for depositing one’s savings or keeping the valuables. They now offer several other services such as providing loans, issuing credit cards, facilitating alternative investments and financial management etc. This expansion has greatly simplified the life of individuals as it offers the independence to be able to do things at right time, rather than waiting endlessly.

As a result, many people are using credit cards for their day to day transactions and also resorting to loans for fulfilling their other requirements. Although the easy availability of loans and credit cards has simplified life, it also has a darker side. It causes huge personal debts to a lot of people. Hence, it is often argued that banks should change their lending policies, making it more complex for individuals to borrow huge sums of money. I completely agree with this view.

In my opinion, there must be stringent rules on borrowing hefty amounts as personal debts eventually result in a burden and make life difficult. Moreover, easy borrowing also encourages materialism in society by expanding one’s purchasing power. People tend to use their credit cards or personal loans for unnecessary shopping just to satisfy themselves and later feel troubled in repaying the amount. Therefore, the concerned authorities must tighten money lending procedure by revising the terms.

To conclude, I would say that facilities offered by banks are very helpful to people. But, adequate measures are needed to avoid their misuse.

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IELTS Essay Sample Questions # Population Growth

You should spend 40 minutes on this task.

A country is experiencing population growth and needs more homes. Should new homes be constructed in the existing cities or should there be new towns built for the purpose? Discuss.

Write at least 250 words.

SAMPLE ANSWER

The world has become a global village and with new opportunities rising we have shrunk to a very small area of possibilities. The population is exponentially growing and with urbanization, more and more people are moving to cities. As a result, the existing cities face living and housing crisis. Most people believe that cities must be developed more and extended to support the growing population. However, others are of the opinion that the government must focus on building new towns.

Constructing new homes in the city is more likely to make the city congested and difficult to handle. A large number of population at one place often means more traffic jams, higher crime rates, and congested public transport. Even more, the resources in the city are always limited. Having a huge number of population accumulated at one place would mean that most people do not have jobs or high-quality education.

On the other hand, developing towns will ensure that the population is well distributed throughout the country and development takes place in all realms of life. More developed towns also help in having a better quality of living and a higher economic growth of the country. For instance, having a town with all amenities is more likely to have several business and other job markets. One big business is often equivalent to 20 small. A developed town allows for the 20 business.

Developing cities will ensure that the people living in the cities have proper living but every area has its own limitations beyond which it cannot grow. However, expanding towns allows the country to have a well-rounded growth leading to a healthier and a richer country.

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