Writing task 2: Why are cities becoming overcrowded?

IELTS Writing task 2: Why are cities becoming overcrowded?

You should spend 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic:

Cities are becoming overcrowded.
What are the causes of this situation, and what can be done to improve this situation? 

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant example from your own knowledge or experience.
Write at least 250 words.

Sample Answer

Urbanization has become a global phenomenon. Metropolises all over the world are witnessing a dramatic rise in their populations. In this essay, I will outline the reasons behind this situation and propose some solutions to tackle it.

The main cause is high levels of migration from the countryside to cities. In developed nations, rural industries, ranging from agriculture to food production and livestock breeding, have been automated. As a result, fewer people are required to manage farmland and farm animals. Many wealthy country dwellers often head towards vibrant cities for a change. In a sharp contrast, mass migration to urban conurbations in developing nations is fuelled by frequent crop failures, unemployment and poor rural infrastructure.

Furthermore, millions of countrymen lack access to basic facilities such as healthcare, education, entertainment and transport etc. They seek a secure livelihood and higher standard of living for themselves and their children. Undoubtedly, mega cities have a developed infrastructure and offer a wide range of educational and employment opportunities. All these features attract young aspirants and job seekers to cities.

The unfettered growth of urban population exerts an enormous pressure on the available resources in cities. It also causes problems like high property prices, poor sanitation, congestion and pollution etc. Therefore, effective measures must be taken to curb the influx of people. Firstly, governments should plan policies for the overall development of the countryside.  Secondly, the excessive dependence on farming should be reduced. For this, other employment opportunities must be generated in rural areas. This can be done by promoting traditional skills like pottery making, knitting, weaving and basketry etc. If people can make a decent living in the countryside, mass migration can be controlled.

To sum up, the causes of this trend are primarily to do with unemployment and underdeveloped facilities in the countryside. The best solution is to bridge the huge disparity between urban and rural areas.

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IELTS Essay # Child Labour

You should spend 40 minutes on this task.
Child Labour is a major concern all over the world.
What are the causes of it?
How can the problem be solved?
Write at least 250 words.


Child labor has been an international concern as it damages, destroys and spoils the present and the future of not only the child but of a country. A child is the hope of a nation and yet when millions of them are deprived of a carefree childhood, it directly impacts the growth of the country. Although, child labor is common in most of the parts of the world, it is more often faced in the developing and underdeveloped sections.

There are several reasons for forcing a child into work. Firstly, it increases the family income. A family which is finding it difficult to make its need meet, is more likely to send their child to work then to school. Secondly, a child labour is more likely to work at lower wages, which is exactly more factories are likely to hire them. Even more, a child is less likely to indulge in dishonesty and is less liable to misbehave or be violent, which is what makes them perfect for domestic aid.

Child Abuse

Although, it might seem that the issue of child labour can never be solved, there are several way in which we can surely fight the issue. Firstly, the government needs to make sure that the laws made are strictly adhered. Even more, the general public should be made aware of the severe consequences of child labor. Secondly, an increase in employment opportunity for adults would help in overcoming the issue of poverty which is more likely to reduce the number of children being forced into labor work.

Overall, it is not only the responsibility of government to ensure that number of child labours are reduced. But every educated person of a country to ensure that the children of the country get a bright future, a future that every child deserves to have. (301 Words)


IELTS Essay # Homeless People

You should spend 40 minutes on this task.
There has been an increase in the number of homeless people all around the world.
What are the causes of it?
You should write at least 250 words.


Home is the one place everyone wants to go after a long tired journey, be the journey of everyday office or of something as exciting as going on a world tour. But, there are so many people all around the world that are deprived of a beautiful comfortable home. There are people who need to live in sheds across the the roads and even worse some don’t even have that.

Many people across the world have left their homes in search of jobs in different parts of the country or world. While it is easy to leave the house, it is not very easy to get a job, leaving people homeless and jobless. There are even some children who shed away their responsibility of parents and send them to home shelters. These people are not only deprived of the love and care they deserve when they get old but also of the home they have built in their lives.


Even more, there has been an increase in the crime rate all over the world. With the number of children being kidnapped all over the world, they are being forced into beggary or prostitution, taking away their home and beautiful life. In addition, with wars happening around the world, there are so many people who lose their accommodation and have to live in the refugee camps before any country accepts them. Sometimes this wait is only for some years while other times it extends to life time. Other factors such as natural calamities also play a role in taking away the homes.

Overall, surely there has been an increase in the number of people losing their accommodation. It not only causes them physical pain but as well mental agony. In my opinion, the government should surely take initiatives to ensure that more and more people have stable homes to live in. (312 Words)

Hints: Reasons for Homeless People

  1. There are people who are not able to afford a good home because of their limited income. As a result they are not able to access affordable housing and heath support.
  2. There are people in the world that are facing discrimination. As a result, even though they have the money, people are not ready to give them home, leaving them homeless.
  3. There has been an increase in the population over the past decade. Although the population has increased, the land remains the same. As a result, not much land is available to build houses, leaving people homeless.
  4. Other factors that are responsible for leaving people homeless could be – natural disasters, loss of job, family issues.


IELTS Essay # Juvenile Delinquency

Write an essay in about 250 words on “Youth Crime” and discuss the reasons and best possible solutions of the problem.


One of the disquieting problems faced by today’s world is – Youth Crime or juvenile delinquency. It is also known as “juvenile offending”. When a minor or individual younger than the statutory age of majority, participates in illegal behavior, then it falls under the category of youth crime. It is highly disturbing that the rate of such crimes is increasing alarmingly. Not only in India but around the globe it is spreading its tentacles to enforce criminal activities which lead to an unstable society. Robbery, rape, drug dealing, murders etc. are some of the horrible faces of youth crimes. In this essay, I will examine the reasons behind this worrying trend and propose some solutions.

Recent psychological studies have revealed that 6-16% of male teens and 2-9% female teens are suffering from conduct disorders which drag youths towards such heinous crimes. These disorders can vary from oppositional-defiant disorder (which may not be aggressive in nature) to antisocial personality disorder. Both of them can develop during childhood. But strangely, only 6% of the youth criminals are habitual offenders.

Another reason behind this increasing rate is the higher aspiration of today’s youth and the desire of a luxurious life. Of course, in case of sexual crimes it is the psychological disorder which is the major reason. Not to mention that nuclear families, education system and highly career oriented parents who do not have time to keep an eye on the moral development of their offspring are some other leading contributors.

The world has to be sensitive enough to deal with this challenge. More juvenile courts are to be established and a stringent law is the need of the hour. At educational institutions, psychological counseling facilities should be available and more attention should be paid on the moral development of children, especially teenagers. Rehabilitation process should be up to the mark. Moreover, youth is the most imperative section of our society so for the unblemished future this generation should be morally uplifted.

To sum up, a combination of factors have made our young minds offenders. However, I believe that if we join our hands together, we can make the world a safer place for everyone.




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