You should spend 40 minutes on this task.
Task: Electronic waste has become a serious problem.
Why is it a problem and how it can be solved?
Write at least 250 words.
E-Waste is the term used to describe old, end-of-life or discarded products. It consists of all waste from electronic and electrical appliances which have reached their end-of-life period or are no longer fit for their original intended use and are destined for recovery, recycling or disposal. Recent years have witnessed a drastic increase in the amount of e-waste. This has become a pressing problem for many countries. In this essay I will look at why e-waste is dangerous and propose some solutions to tackle this challenge.
E-Waste contains both valuable as well as hazardous materials which require special handling and recycling methods. It contains ferrous and non-ferrous metals, plastic, glass, wood and plywood, printed circuit boards, concrete, ceramics, rubber and another items. Iron and steel constitute about 50% of the waste, followed by plastic (21%), non-ferrous metal (13%) and other constituents.
Due to rapid advances in technology electronic appliances become obsolete quickly. This coupled with explosive sales in consumer electronics, means that more products are being disposed of, even if they still work. As an example, In the USA, about 400 million units per year of consumer electronics are scrapped, according to recycling industry experts. Recycling e-waste is not like recycling cardboard. These products are not easy to recycle and they are not designed for recycling.
The matter of the fact is that discarded electronics are managed badly and most e-waste still goes in the landfill in spite of hazardous, sometimes radioactive, materials like lead, plastic, chromium, mercury, beryllium, cadmium and acids. Moreover, all around the world, the quantity of electrical and electronic waste generated each year has assumed alarming proportions. Thus, e-waste has become a threat to the environment.
However, there are ways to deal with this rising issue. Effective e-waste management skills and techniques should be developed and implemented. Producers can contribute their share of work by taking the responsibility of e-waste management. They should reuse the parts as it would be more than appropriate since it is already their field and it would be a profitable business for them. Making consumers more aware of the ill-effects of improper handling and disposal would also be beneficial. In fact, some companies are already getting a head start by placing especially dedicated e-bins.
To sum up, e-waste management has become the need of the hour. I believe that governments and manufacturing companies should give a priority to this issue.
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Essay is bit longer and contain 390 words. IELTS require 250 words approx. So please just carry idea from above essay.