IELTS Writing task 2: Horizontal and vertical cities

Writing task 2 
You should spend 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic:
Some people believe that it is better to live and work in vertical cities. Others, however, think that horizontal cities are better for living and working.
Discuss both views and give your own opinion.
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant example from your own knowledge or experience.
Write at least 250 words.

Sample Answer

With industrialization came urbanisation meaning the formation and development of Metropolitan cities.   These mega cities tended to grow at rapid paces, sometimes vertically and sometimes horizontally. Depending on the authorities and the level of development at the time, there developed vast differences between the two.

The first type of city, the horizontal city, was usually found under rich and liberal governments housing individual cottages with wide lanes and private gardens. Today these cities, also referred to as garden cities, are spread out on a vast area of land usually in sparsely populated expanses.  Living and working in such a city would definitely be a pleasure, although the real estate prices in such locations tend to be unusually high. The drawbacks would mainly be regarding the area of natural habitation which constantly needs to be cleared in order to maintain the pace of development.

The other type of city that is the vertical city is more commonplace nowadays. The origin of most of these cities was due to the unfettered growth of population and lack of land for further development, which forced people to move skyward. Here, work is easily available and property prices tend to be much more affordable as compared to the horizontal cities. Although the main problems with these cities include sound nuisance, garbage management, water shortages and a host of other problems, land is not an issue. These urban spaces not only offer modern and sustainable living but also provide room for corporate development.

To give my opinion as a summary, I would state that looking at today’s advancements and weighing the pros and cons of both lifestyle choices, horizontal cities sound very appealing but are not likely to last for very long.  In contrast, vertical cities are by far more economical and sustainable. I believe that vertical cities are the way forward.

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IELTS Essay Sample Questions # Reward Or Punishment

You should spend 40 minutes on this task.

Do children behave better when they are rewarded or punished? Discuss both views and give your opinion.

You should write at least 250 words.

SAMPLE ANSWER

The most impactful years in the lives of person are that of childhood. It is in these years that one forms impressions and the experiences shape the nature and behavior of the child. Some people believe that a child must be punished for a wrongdoing while others believe that one must shape an individual through rewards.

Rewards and recognition are the positive pillars to motivate a person. When a child gets a reward for speaking well or discipline or cleanliness, it motivates him or her to do it more. Even more, the child gets to know the importance of the good things he or she is doing in life. Even more, complementing children for their excellence boosts their self-esteem and help them become better individuals.

However, punishments have their own impact on the lives of an individual. Children refrain from doing an activity in fear of receiving punishment. For instance, if a child was abstained from having chocolate because of a mistake he or she did, there will be a realisation on why the things are not right. Punishing must not mean physical or mental torture, if done with care it brings in the realisation more than fear.

Overall, growing years are formative years of a child life and both rewards and punishment are necessary. In my opinion, a child must get both but what is more important is the realisation of things from rewards and recognition.

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IELTS Essay Sample Answer # Subsidised Memberships

IELTS Essay Sample Answer # Subsidised Memberships

You should spend 40 minutes on this task.
Some employers offer their employees subsidised membership of sports and gym. Some people believe that this is an effective way of improving your productivity, while others are of the opinion that there is no benefit in doing so.
Discuss both views.
You should write at least 250 words.

SAMPLE ANSWER

Every company across the world wants the best of the employees to be working for it. Although, some take it for granted, there are many business empires that make sure that their employees work productively.

On one hand, if the workers are stress free and more jolly their working time will be more efficient leading to higher levels of output and service. Companies that offer sports and gym membership are more likely to have a staff that balances work life quite well. This can be more motivating than pay increments, perks or financial rewards.

Conversely, it is not guaranteed that such perks could help employees perform better. For instance, not necessarily employees will avail these services. Even more, it is easier to quantify the target related approaches. Example, it is simpler to find if a job training worked out or not. But, for health of employees and its relation with productivity is hard to find.

Overall, the health related subsidies surely are attractive but they do lack the measurability factor. Spending more funds in training the employees in newer domains seems to be a better use of HR budget.

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IELTS Essay Sample Answer # Women at Work

IELTS Essay Sample Answer # Women at Work

You should spend 40 minutes on this task.
Some people believe that in present times, women do get as much equality at work as men, while others believe that even today women have to fight their way to succeed at work.
Discuss both views.

You should write at least 250 words.

SAMPLE ANSWER

Women have carved their way into the offices and are doing a great job in the different aspects of life. Not only managing a great career, but ensuring a healthy home. Although, many people are of the belief that with changing times, men and women are treated equally in the office arena there have been voices stating against the statement.

Women have made a huge progress in the work space but still get lesser pay than their male counterparts. Even more, it is often more easier for a man to get a promotion than a female, especially when it comes to higher ranks of the organization. Even in industries like film industry, most of the actresses have complained as to how they are offered lesser pay as compared to their male partners. Recently, it was Indira Nooyi who grasped the attention when she said that women cannot have it all in their lives and have to adjust.

WOMEN AT WORK

However, the situation has definitely improved when compared to the past. Presently, we can see more of working women in organizations. In health and education, most countries have largely closed the gap. With initiatives from organizations like SEBI, there is now an increased number of women in the board of an organization when compared to the past. Even more, companies are now keeping in mind the life of a working women and provide offerings to ensure they are able to work comfortably.

Overall, there have been attempts on part of both the employers and the women employees to make sure they get the equal right and opportunity. But, we have just started and their is a long way to go before we finally assume to have succeeded in bringing balance in the work culture. (290 Words)


POINTS TO REMEMBER

When answering a essay of type “Discuss both views”, there are certain things you should keep in mind –

  1. You are required to give the points supporting both the view points.
  2. Make sure you give your opinion in the concluding paragraph.
  3. In this type of essay, the main objective is to bring the story associated with both sides of the coin.
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