Grammar

GRAMMAR

The IELTS test is a test of English accuracy. Although many people may be very conversant in daily life, the accuracy of their language often needs attention. In the IELTS test, a sentence with basic grammatical mistakes could be considered as example of inability by an examiner.

This is especially true in the speaking test where candidates often forfeit accuracy for quantity in a bid to impress the examiner. Although you should not worry unnecessarily about making sure your grammar is 100% perfect in every sentence you speak, awareness of basic mistakes people make will help you consider your choice of words.

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Future Perfect Tense # Grammar For IELTS

Future Perfect Tense has the following two forms –

  • Will have done- This form of tense, is used as will have + past participle
    EXAMPLE-

    • You will have perfected the art of writing by the time you complete this assignment.
  • Be going to have done – This form of tense is used as am/is/are + going to have + past participle
    EXAMPLE-

    • You are going to have loads of money if you work hard and stop paying attention to money.

Future Perfect Tense is used as in the following ways –

To show the occurrence of an event before something in the future.

The Future Perfect expresses the idea that something will occur before another action in the future.
EXAMPLE-

  • I shall have written my novel by then.
  • By the end of this month, I will have worked here for six months.
To mark something that will continue up in the future as well
The Future Perfect to show that something will continue up until another action in the future. This is often done with the help of Non-Continuous Verbs and some non-continuous uses of Mixed Verbs.
EXAMPLE-

  • By Monday, Alancrita is going to have had my novel for a month.
  • I will have been in UK for six months by the time I leave.

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Future Continuous Tense # Grammar For IELTS

Future continuous tense is used to talk about events that will happen continuously in the future. It has two forms –

  • will be doing- The form of future continuous in this case is –
    will be+present participle
  • be going to be doing – The form of future continuous in this case is –
    am/is/are + going to be + present participle

EXAMPLE-

  1. Are you going to be waiting for her when she arrives?
  2. Will you be waiting for her when she arrives?

Future Continuous Tense has the following uses –

To mark interruptions
Future Continuous is used to mark an interruption in the continuous event of future, by a shorter action in the future.
EXAMPLE-
I will be watching movies when she arrives.
I will be busy for the next two hours, call me only if an emergency happens.
In the above, the interruptions are marked by the simple present tense.
NOTE- Interruptions are in time clauses, and you cannot use future tenses in time clauses.
To represent parallel actions in the future
If future continuous is used in a statement with two sentences, it shows that both the sentences will be happening parallel.
EXAMPLE-
I am going to be studying and he is going to be reading.
To express the ambiance
Often future continuous is used to express the atmosphere of a particular place in the future.
EXAMPLE-
When we arrive at the party, everyone will be celebrating.
No future in the time clause
the Future Continuous cannot be used in clauses beginning with time expressions such as: when, while, before, after, by the time, as soon as, if, unless, etc. Instead of Future Continuous, Present Continuous is used.
EXAMPLE-
While I am going to be traveling, she will be studying. THIS STATEMENT IS WRONG.
While I am traveling, she will be studying. THIS IS THE CORRECT FORM.
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Immigrate, Emigrate And Migrate

Immigrate, Emigrate and Migrate are the three most often confused words. Often people believe that these three words have the same meaning, however, there sure is a difference. For now, let us understand the difference between the three words.

MIGRATION
In this case, migration is the noun form, whereas migrate is the verb. Migration has to do with seasonal movement or the movement that is not permanent. For example- animals migrate. There are some animals who migrate to different locations because of temperature and go back to the original place after the temperature changes.
A person who migrates is called migrant.
IMMIGRATION
Immigration is the noun and immigrate is the verb. It is the movement of people only and is permanent. A place where you immigrate, you live there forever.
EMIGRATION
Emigrate is the noun and emigrate is the verb. It is very similar to immigration in terms that it is movement and movement of people, also it is permanent. However, it is used when you leave a country forever.

PRACTICE QUESTIONS

  1. African elephants ________________ during dry seasons.
  2. I want to ____________ to United States Of America.( move there)
  3. My father left USA and moved to India. He is an ___________.
  4. I have got a job in Australia and I need to __________ there.
  5. Do you think animals who _____________ tend to be harmed because of global warming?

ANSWERS

  1. migrate
  2. immigrate
  3. emigrant
  4. migrate
  5. migrate

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