you can never win the battle, if you don’t know how to fight for it. So, is the case with getting great band in IELTS. To get a good band, the will to get it is required, but then it is equally important that you know how to exactly fight for it. Some of the things you must do while preparing for IELTS are given below-:
1.Familiarize yourself with the question types used. There are many different types of questions asked in IELTS and all of them will not come in a particular test. But knowing all the types of questions will help you to interpret the question more easily and hence save your time.
2.The next most important thing to do is manage time. During the entire IELTS test there are lot of time constraints and no matter how good you are if you don’t complete the task within a certain period of time , you are lost.
2.1 For the reading part, read short passages everyday within a time constraint. You may not understand it in the first go, but surely you will learn how to skim a text and grasp the important points. When you read it the next time, try to notice the more intricate details.
2.2 For the writing part, write about different topics every day, may be just for five minutes. the point here is not to write accurate things, but to be pen down your ideas.
3. Always read the test question carefully. No matter how many times you have practiced the questions, when giving the real test, go through the question with full concentration.
With the right armor, even the toughest of the battles can be won.
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A noun is a word used as the name of a person, place or thing.
Ashoka was a great warrior.
The French army was defeated at the waterloo.
I have got three books.
The crowd was very big.
Her laughter can swing your mood around.
The words highlighted in the above examples are nouns.
KINDS OF NOUNS
The name of a particular person or thing.
India, Anmol, Kohinoor, Assam etc.
A proper noun is always capitalized.
A proper noun can even be used as common noun. For example-:
Kalidas is often called the Shakespeare of India.
A common noun is a name given in common to a person or thing of the same class.
Girl, hero, coward, author etc.
Common nouns are of two types-:
Abstract nouns are used to express concepts, experiences, ideas, qualities, and feeling.
The names of arts and sciences are also abstract. For e.g. grammar, music, chemistry etc.
Abstract nouns can be formed from the following-:
From adjectives-: kindness from kind; strength from strong
From verbs-: obedience from obey; punishment from punish.
From common nouns-: kingship from king, theft from thief
A collective noun is a noun that is used to refer to a group of individuals.
For example-: crowd, mob, fleet, flock etc.
COUNTABLE AND UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS
Apart from proper and common nouns, nouns also have a classification called, countable and uncountable nouns.
Countable nouns are the ones that can be counted, for e.g. names of object or people etc.
Books, pen, apple, sister are all countable nouns.
Uncountable nouns are the ones that cannot be counted e.g. sugar, honesty, gold etc.
Note: countable nouns have plural form but uncountable nouns don’t have plural forms.
Exactly 100 pages into Harper Lee’s Go Set a Watchman, the illusions of Jean Louise Finch and several generations of idealists are shattered when, arranging her father’s pile of reading material on a visit home from New York, Jean Louise discovers a pamphlet called “The Black Plague.” She picks it up, reads it all the way through, then takes it “by one of its corners … like she would hold a dead rat by the tail” and throws it in the garbage.
“Jean Louise,” her aunt says, in response to her indignation. “I don’t think you fully realize what’s been going on down here.”
It’s an awakening that’s not so much rude as cruel: Maycomb County, Alabama, is now a different world from the one she grew up in, and To Kill a Mockingbird’s Atticus Finch, the paragon of the legal profession, the father figure and steward of the nation’s conscience, is revealed to be frail and flawed. He is, at 72, a rheumatic and unrepentant segregationist who believes with complete conviction that the white race is superior. “Jean Louise, have you ever considered that you can’t have a set of backward people living among people advanced in one civilization and have a social Arcadia?” he asks late in the book, to her horror. “Do you want Negroes by the carload in the our schools and churches and theaters? Do you want them in our world?”
The article has been taken from “The New Yorker ”.
- Illusion is something that deceives by producing a false or misleading projection of something. “illusion of … are shattered” means what they thought it to be, it has turned out to be something else.
- Idealist here refers to the writers who treat subject imaginatively. So when the illusion of idealist are shattered, it means that the picture they had imagined is not true.
- Pamphlet is a complete publication of about 80 pages stitched together and having a cover.
- Indignation is a strong displeasure at something considered wrong or offensive. So, herein her aunt responds to her behavior of displeasure.
- Paragon refers to someone of exceptional merit. So, “paragon of legal profession” means someone who is excellent in the legal profession.
- Steward, here means a person who is in charge of something. “so steward of national conscience is a person responsible for the national conscience”.
- Conscience refers to the inner sense of what is right and what is wrong. “the national conscience” means what according to the nation as a whole is right or wrong!
- Frail, here means, morally weak and easily tempted. In this context, it means that the person who was responsible for the nation’s conscience was himself morally weak.
- Flawed is used to refer to someone who has imperfections.
- Rheumatic is a person with the disorder of the extremities or back, causing pain.
- Unrepentant is a person who shows no shame about his/ her actions.
- Segregationist is a person who supports the separation of the people depending on their caste, gender etc.
- Conviction here means strong opinion or belief. Here it means that the person had a strong belief that white race is superior.
- Carload refers to the number of people a car is carrying or it can carry. “Do you want Negroes by the carload in the our schools and churches and theaters?” means that do you as many Negros in the school as the car can carry.
Imperative sentences are the ones that are used to make a command, request or express a desire. An imperative sentence can either be simple, compound or complex. Some of the simplest sentences in English are the imperative sentences.
Note: don’t get confused as to why I have used an exclamation mark if it is an imperative sentence!An imperative sentence can either end with a period or an exclamation mark depending on the strength of the emotion.
Examples Of Imperative Sentence
- Shut the door!
- Can I have your pen, please.
- Just do it.
Note: an imperative sentence need not to necessarily have a please while making a request; however, you can add it if you want.
WHERE IS THE SUBJECT
You must be wondering where is the subject in imperative sentences. Well, an imperative sentence always has a subject and it is “YOU”.
[you] open the door.
[you] please, give me your notebook.
Imperative sentences contain verbs in the imperative form. This means that the verb is used to either make a command or request or desire. These verbs can be used as objects in other sentences.
- TALK politely.
You are not allowed to talk here.
- TURN off the radio.
We took a wrong turn and got late for the show.
Imperative sentences can even be used in academic papers and are often used to increase depth in your writing.
Grammar Rules For Imperative Sentence
- We can make imperative sentences with bare infinitives (without to).
Let him go.
You dare not touch it.
- When making negative imperative sentences use don’t or do not.
Don’t mess with the teachers.
Do not enter into the room without knocking.
- The name of the person can be written in an imperative sentence, but that is usually at the end of the sentence.
Please pass me the book, Nitika.
- If you are talking to more than one person use the pronoun “you” to make a distinction.
You park the car and you come along with me.
You wait here while I’ll send them off.