Types Of Modal Verbs

We have already talked about modal verbs. You can go through it here.
Let us have a look at the types of modal verbs.

Probability verbs are used when we want to say how sure we are that something happened / is happening / will happen. These are also called ‘modals of deduction’ or ‘speculation’ or ‘certainty’ or ‘probability’.
Example – 1. They should be there by now.
2. Prices can be high in London.
Modal verbs such as can and could to talk about skill and ability.
Example – 1. She can speak English.
2. I couldn’t open the window.
Obligation And Advice
We use modal verbs such as ‘must’ or ‘should’ to say when something is necessary or unnecessary, or to give advice.
Example – 1. I had to wear a school uniform when I was a child.
2. You shouldn’t smoke so much.
Modal verbs such as can, could and may to ask for and give permission. They are also used to say, something is not allowed. Example – 1. You may not use the laptop today.
2. Can I leave early today?
You can talk about will and would to talk about habits that have been a part of you since a very long time or you will be doing them in near future.
Example – 1. She will always be late.
2. We would often go out for party on Saturdays.


Modal Verbs # Grammar For IELTS

Showing a varied range of grammar in IELTS helps in scoring high band in IELTS. For today, let us have a look at one of the most used topic in IELTS, modal verbs.
Examples of modal verbs –

can could
may might
shall should

Modal verbs are used to show that you are certain about something, sure that it will happen.We also use modals to do things like talking about ability, asking permission making requests and offers.
Modal verbs behave very differently from the normal verbs. Let us have a look at some of its distinguishing factors –
1. Modal verbs do not take ‘s’ in the third form.
Example- He can speak english.
2. You use not to make the modal verbs negative, even in simple past or simple present.
Example – He should not be late
3. Modal verbs cannot used with past or future tense.
Example – He will can come with us.
4. They make questions by inversion.
5. They are followed directly by the infinitive of another verb.


Fill in the blank with modal verbs.
1. He ________ be exhausted after a long journey.
c. had better
2. There are many things people will ask you to do. But you _________ do it if you don’t like.
a. must not
b. can not
c. will not.
3. The lamp ________ be broken. Maybe the light bulb just burned out.
a. could not
b. must not
c. might not
4. _____________ you please bring me my notebook?
a. will
b. may
c. should
5. To score high in IELTS, you ______ study lot.
a. must
b. should
c. can


1. a

Collocations # Grammar For IELTS

Collocations are one of the most important thing you must aim at learning if you want to score high in IELTS. But, what are they?
Collocations are two or more words that go together or are used together in a way that sound correct to the native speaker. Let us look at some examples –

early days
even numbers
evenly matched
take a break
take a look
travel light
turn a corner

Learning something when you don’t know its importance is weird and difficult. So, let us find out why should you learn collocations?
Collocations make your language more understandable to understand making you more fluent at what you speak. It also makes you sound more natural. Collocations provide you with alternative and better ways to express yourself, resulting in a high score band in IELTS or for that matter of fact any english testing exam. And the most important part is Learning vocabulary becomes easier with collocations. This is because it is more easier for our brain to learn chunks of words rather than single words.


Collocations are of the following type-
adverb + adjective: completely satisfied
adjective + noun: excruciating pain
noun + noun: a surge of anger
noun + verb: lions roar
verb + noun: commit suicide ‘
verb + expression with preposition: burst into tears
verb + adverb: wave frantically
So, don’t just learn words, learn chunks of words, so that you not only know the word but also have a good command over how to use the word.


1. Try to notice collocations whenever you read something.
2. Make sure you regard the collocation as one single block. For example -top priority is one single word, it is not top + priority.
3. There are two ways of learning collocations. Either you learn them topic wise or word wise. Like, either leara collocations related to weather( or any other topic) together or you can go for all the collocations with “take” together.
So, if you want to improve your vocabulary or spoken english, the first thing you must aim for is learning collocations. Go, get a good grasp over them and score high in IELTS.

Future Perfect Tense # Grammar For IELTS

Future Perfect Tense has the following two forms –

  • Will have done- This form of tense, is used as will have + past participle

    • You will have perfected the art of writing by the time you complete this assignment.
  • Be going to have done – This form of tense is used as am/is/are + going to have + past participle

    • You are going to have loads of money if you work hard and stop paying attention to money.

Future Perfect Tense is used as in the following ways –

To show the occurrence of an event before something in the future.

The Future Perfect expresses the idea that something will occur before another action in the future.

  • I shall have written my novel by then.
  • By the end of this month, I will have worked here for six months.
To mark something that will continue up in the future as well
The Future Perfect to show that something will continue up until another action in the future. This is often done with the help of Non-Continuous Verbs and some non-continuous uses of Mixed Verbs.

  • By Monday, Alancrita is going to have had my novel for a month.
  • I will have been in UK for six months by the time I leave.


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