Future Continuous Tense # Grammar For IELTS

Future continuous tense is used to talk about events that will happen continuously in the future. It has two forms –

  • will be doing- The form of future continuous in this case is –
    will be+present participle
  • be going to be doing – The form of future continuous in this case is –
    am/is/are + going to be + present participle

EXAMPLE-

  1. Are you going to be waiting for her when she arrives?
  2. Will you be waiting for her when she arrives?

Future Continuous Tense has the following uses –

To mark interruptions
Future Continuous is used to mark an interruption in the continuous event of future, by a shorter action in the future.
EXAMPLE-
I will be watching movies when she arrives.
I will be busy for the next two hours, call me only if an emergency happens.
In the above, the interruptions are marked by simple present tense.
NOTE- Interruptions are in time clauses, and you cannot use future tenses in time clauses.
To represent parallel actions in the future
If future continuous is used in a statement with two sentences, it shows that both the sentences will be happening parallel.
EXAMPLE-
I am going to be studying and he is going to be reading.
To express the ambiance
Often future continuous is used to express the atmosphere of a particular place in the future.
EXAMPLE-
When we arrive at the party, everyone will be celebrating.
No future in the time clause
the Future Continuous cannot be used in clauses beginning with time expressions such as: when, while, before, after, by the time, as soon as, if, unless, etc. Instead of Future Continuous, Present Continuous is used.
EXAMPLE-
While I am going to be traveling, she will be studying. THIS STATEMENT IS WRONG.
While I am traveling, she will be studying. THIS IS THE CORRECT FORM.
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Simple Future # Grammar For IELTS

Simple future tense refers to a time later than now. It is used to express facts or things that we cannot control. In this case, there is no “attitude”.
It is used in the following ways –

To express future as a fact.
EXAMPLE –

  • It will be Rakshabandhan next week.
  • The results will be declared in an hour.
  • I will be achieve success on my own terms.
To express things we believe will happen
EXAMPLE –

  • I think India will win the match.
  • In my opinion, the youth will surely fight back terrorism.
  • I am sure I can do it and I will.
With I or we, to express an immediate decision.
EXAMPLE –

  • I will pay the bill.
  • We will be heading to north now.
  • I will be coming.
The going to form (be going to +base of the verb) is used when we have decided to do something before talking about it.
EXAMPLE –

  • I am going to resign this job very soon.
  • I am going to buy a new car.
  • I am going get that pen.
Going to form is often also used to describe something that we think is certain or bound to happen.
EXAMPLE –

  • It is going to happen.
  • They are going to come.
  • She is going to have a baby.
It is used to express willingness to do something.
EXAMPLE –

  • I will help you.
  • He will carry the bag for you.
Used with shall to make an offer.
EXAMPLE –

  • Shall I help you?
  • Shall I open the window?
Used with will to make orders.
EXAMPLE –

  • You will do as I say
  • You will be coming tomorrow.
Used with will to give invitations
EXAMPLE –

  • Will you come to the party?
  • Will you be able to come to the park?

NOTE- In modern English will is preferred to shall. Shall is mainly used with I and we to make an offer or suggestion, or to ask for advice. With the other persons (you, he, she, they) shall is only used in literary or poetic situations.

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Past Perfect Continuous # Grammar For IELTS

Past perfect continuous takes the following form –
Had been + present participle
EXAMPLE-
I had been waiting for you since morning.
At that time he had been writing novel for five months.
Past perfect tense is used in the following cases –

When something begins in the past and continues for sometime
Past perfect continuous is very much like present perfect continuous. It is used when something begins in the past and continues for a certain time and then finishes off in the past itself.
PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS

PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS


EXAMPLE –

  • She had been working in the company for few months, before she left to pursue her passions.
  • How long had you been waiting to get the bus?
  • He had been working hard for four months before he got his first break.
Past perfect continuous tense is often used to express the “cause and effect” relationship.
EXAMPLE –

  • He is tired because he had been jogging for past 2 hours.
  • He gained weight as he had been overeating.
  • Archie failed the final exams because he had not been attending the classes for a year.

NOTE – Past Continuous emphasizes interrupted actions, whereas Past Perfect Continuous emphasizes a duration of time before something in the past.
Example-
He was tired because he was running.
This shows that he is tired because he is running at the moment.
He was tired because he had been running for an hour.
This shows that he ran for over a period of one hour and therefore he is tired.
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Past Perfect Tense # Grammar For IELTS

Past perfect tense is used to express a time before a certain moment in the past. It is used to make clear that one event happened before another in the past. The simple past is used in one clause and the past perfect in the other.
EXAMPLE –

  1. Anmol had come when I arrived.
  2. When they arrived, we had already left.
  3. He was very tired because he had not slept well.

In the above sentences, the words that have been emphasized, denote the action that was performed earlier.

 

PAST PERFECT TENSE

PAST PERFECT TENSE

Formation of Past Perfect Tense

The past perfect tense is composed of two parts –

  1. Past tense of the verb to have (had)
  2. Past participle of the main verb

EXAMPLE-

  • She had given her notebook to him.
  • I had written the letter before time.
  • We had not decided.

Past Perfect + just

‘Just’ is used with the past perfect to refer to an event that was only a short time earlier than before now.

  • The train had just arrived when I reached the station.
  • He had just left seeing the police arrive.
  • I had just put the washing out when it started to rain.

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