IELTS Listening Sample Questions # Driving

Driving. This is not a new term. We all drive, right? Some drive cars, some bikes and then we all drive our lives. This time we shall be hearing a BBC conversation about driving, driving cars.

The audio has been taken from BBC 6 minutes English.

Answer the following questions in NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS.

  1. Which word is used by the speaker to define independent or driverless?
  2. Which word does the speaker use to define the way to get to a place?
  3. What are the mistakes made by a human called?
  4. Which phrase does the speaker use for the person who is in control of the car?
  5. On an average, how many people around the world die each day from road accidents?
  6. What word does the speaker use for a person that loves cars and driving?
  7. What title does Eddie Jordan own?
  8. Which word does the speaker use for doing something to the maximum capacity?
  9. Which word means to stop an automatic action by taking control yourself?
  10. What does the phrase “right of the bat” mean?
ANSWERS
  1. autonomous
  2. navigate
  3. human error
  4. behind the wheel
  5. 3000
  6. petrol head
  7. racing team owner
  8. flat out
  9. override
  10. immediately

IELTS BAND 7

IELTS Listening Sample Questions # Personality Type

We all have a personality type, the one that defines who we are. It shows up in your acts, the deeds that you do. Now, there are two kinds of people : the introverts and extroverts. This time we are listening to a BBC audio that talks about the introverts.

The audio is taken from BBC 6 minutes English.

Answer the following questions in NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS.

  1. What word describes a person who is a mixture of an introvert and extrovert?
  2. Which word explains that a person is thoughtful?
  3. Who used the word extrovert for the first time?
  4. What word describes the feeling when you are very tired?
  5. What is the synonym of overpower?
  6. Which phrase means that you have carefully considered something before doing it?
  7. What kind of a doctor was Carl Jung?

Personality Type

ANSWERS
  1. ambivert
  2. reflective
  3. Carl Jung
  4. drained
  5. intimidate
  6. thought through
  7. psychatrist
IELTS BAND7

IELTS Practice Reading # Winters

The following passage has been taken from THE TIME magazine.

WHEN DOES WINTER START?

In 2016, the first day of winter in the Northern Hemisphere is Wednesday. The season will begin at 10:44 UTC or 5:44 a.m. Eastern Time.

That means Wednesday is the day with the fewest hours and minutes of sunlight for the whole year, also known as the winter solstice. The word “solstice,” which means the sun has stopped moving, comes from the Latin solstitium, “from sol meaning ‘sun’ and ‘stit-‘ meaning ‘stopped, stationary’ from the verb sistere” according to the Oxford English Dictionary.

But the idea of the first day of winter is more complicated than you may think.

The reason Earth has seasons is because the planet is tilted, which causes the impact of the light from the sun to change throughout the year for different regions. Astronomical seasons are based on the sun’s position relative to the tilted Earth, and the winter solstice on Wednesday is a key part of that astronomical cycle.

“Think of the sun as traveling between what is called the winter solstice and summer solstice,” explains Ken Heideman, the Director of Publications at the American Meteorological Society. “The sun keeps moving northward until [on or around] June 21, when the sun’s rays are directly over the Tropic of Cancer. That’s astronomical summer. That’s as high in the sky as the sun is going to get for us. Then it starts moving towards the equator, and when it reaches the equator, that’s the autumnal equinox. Then it keeps going south until the sun is directly over the Tropic of Capricorn, as far south as it’s going to go and as far away from us as its going to be. That’s winter time.”

However, for meteorologists and climatologists, winter already began. By their count, it started on Dec. 1, 2016, in the Northern Hemisphere.

‘The alignment of the Earth’s axis doesn’t line up with traditional weather, or the common-sense idea of weather,” as James R. Fleming, a professor at Colby College in Waterville, Maine, who specializes in the history of geophysical science and meteorology, puts it. That’s because weather data is usually based on monthly temperatures. Since December, January, and February typically have the coldest temperatures on average in the Northern Hemisphere, these scientists consider that three-month period the winter season.

The winter solstice is also not to be confused with the coldest day of the year. There is about a one month lag (27.5 days to be exact) between the winter solstice and the day predicted to be the coldest the year, because it takes a while for the land to cool down, according to Greg Hammer, a meteorologist at NOAA’s National Centers for Environmental Information. “It’s like putting a pot of water on the stove,” says Kevin Trenberth, a senior scientist in the Climate Analysis Section at the National Center for Atmospheric Research, who calculates that the coldest day of winter 2016-2017 in the U.S. is expected to be around January 15th or 16th.

“A lot of warmth has been accumulating over July, August, September, October and November leading up to the winter solstice, so the really cold air hasn’t set in right [at the solstice],” Heideman explains. “It’s really the beginning of it.”

So when did humans start tracking winter and the winter solstice?

The answer is lost in prehistory. As TIME has previously reported, ancient monuments are the only clue as to when humans started tracking solstices. “An ancient person in Africa, England or North America, might have sat cold and shivering in a certain point where they had natural mountains or boundaries, and looked off in the horizon waiting for sunrise,” says astronomer Mary Kay Hemenway, formerly of the University of Texas at Austin. “You do this for a long time, and you’ll be aware of which stars you see in the sky and anticipate where the sun is going to be each day. What they were doing is making a calendar. The solstice is the origin of having a calendar system.”

Real comprehension of the solstices and the astronomical seasons came later, after the heliocentric model of the solar system was introduced by Copernicus in 1543, adds Volker Bromm, professor of astronomy at the University of Texas at Austin.

Who defined meteorological winter may also not be totally clear either, but it may have been devised at some point during the early-to-mid 20th century when climatology became more quantitative, according to Fleming. He argues that “the need for the statisticians to generate seasonal averages” may date back to prominent Austrian meteorologist Julius von Hann, who, in 1897, stated that climate is sum of the average weather conditions.

But, whether or not people understood the reasons why winter had come, its beginning has long been noticed. Many cultures had feast days around the date of the winter solstice—including Christmas and Hanukkah. As Fleming puts it, many consider the winter solstice “a moment for celebration because from that point on, the days keep getting longer until we get back to summer.”

WORDMEANING
complicatedconsisting of many interconnecting parts or elements; intricate.
seasonseach of the four divisions of the year (spring, summer, autumn, and winter) marked by particular weather patterns and daylight hours, resulting from the earth's changing position with regard to the sun.
tiltedmove or cause to move into a sloping position
regionsan area, especially part of a country or the world having definable characteristics but not always fixed boundaries.
Astronomicalrelating to astronomy.
relativeconsidered in relation or in proportion to something else.
equatora line notionally drawn on the earth equidistant from the poles, dividing the earth into northern and southern hemispheres and constituting the parallel of latitude 0°.
equinoxthe time or date (twice each year) at which the sun crosses the celestial equator, when day and night are of equal length (about 22 September and 20 March).
meteorologistsan expert in or student of meteorology
climatologistsThe scientific study of climates, including the causes and long-term effects of variation in regional and global climates. Climatology also studies how climate changes over time and is affected by human actions.
alignmentarrangement in a straight line or in correct relative positions
Atmosphericrelating to the atmosphere of the earth.
researchthe systematic investigation into and study of materials and sources in order to establish facts and reach new conclusions.
warmththe quality, state, or sensation of being warm; moderate heat.
accumulatinggather together or acquire an increasing number or quantity of.
trackingthe maintenance of a constant difference in frequency between two or more connected circuits or components.
prehistorythe period of time before written records.
monumentsa statue, building, or other structure erected to commemorate a notable person or event.
anticipateregard as probable; expect or predict
comprehensionthe ability to understand something.
heliocentrichaving or representing the sun as the centre, as in the accepted astronomical model of the solar system.
devisedplan or invent (a complex procedure, system, or mechanism) by careful thought.
quantitiverelating to, measuring, or measured by the quantity of something rather than its quality.
statisticiansan expert in the preparation and analysis of statistics.
prominentimportant
culturesthe arts and other manifestations of human intellectual achievement regarded collectively
IELTS BAND 7

Graph # Population aged 65 and over between 1940 and 2040

IETLS Writing Task 1 # Graph

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The line graph below shows the proportion of the population aged 65 and over between 1940 and 2040 in three different countries.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words.

Graph

Source: adapted from Cambridge IELTS 5

Sample Answer

The line graph illustrates the variations in the percentage of old people aged 65 and above in Japan, Sweden and USA over a 100-year period from 1940 to 2040.
In 1940, just under ten percent of the US population was 65 and over, the highest figure among the listed countries. Sweden and Japan stood at the second and third place respectively with nearly 7% and 5% population in this age range. In the next 50 years (i.e. 1940-1990), the curves followed strikingly similar upward trends in western countries. The proportion of elderly in the USA reached the mark of 15% whereas the percentage was slightly less than 15% in Sweden. In comparison, there was a small decrease of about 2% in the Japanese figures during this period.

Between 1990 and the present, the American figures remained constant while Sweden and Japan experienced a gradual increase in their percentages. Notably, these proportions are expected to rise dramatically in the next two decades in all the three countries. By 2040, the ageing population will account for nearly one fourth of the total population in these nations.

Overall, it is evident that the proportion of elderly people has risen in all the given countries. This trend is predicted to continue in the future and by 2040, these countries will have a similar number of old people (about 25%). (225 Words)

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