Learn New Words # Improve Vocabulary

We have been talking about words to tell what is going on, what is happening, what people do to each other or to themselves or what others do to them. In the last series, we learnt words , enervate, castigate, self-abnegate and vegetate. Let us continue learning more words related to these ideas and improve our vocabulary for IELTS.

TO RECAPITULATE
You are a teacher and have just now given a long, complicated lecture to your class. But you want to make sure that you remember the important points, you restate the key ideas in short, a kind of brief summary, step by step, omitting all the extraneous points. What did you did?You recapitulate the main ideas.
TO SIMULATE
You are about to start your studies and get into work. But then suddenly a friend pops up and starts telling you about her problems with her boss, her boyfriend, her gynecologist and more. You are not at all interested in listening to her issues but you don’t even want to make her sad by avoiding her or telling her to go away. So, instead of shooing her away, you pretend to rapt attention, nod wisely at what you hope are the right places. What verb describes this feigning of interest? You are simulating.
TO INTIMATE
You are the owner of a company and some employees have complaint about possible things. You have taken into consideration all the points and called up a meeting. Although you don’t want to tell them directly of the possible actions that you will be taking. So, you instead of telling them directly, put in some hints of the possible actions. What verb describes what you are doing? You are intimating them of the possible actions.
TO ALLEVIATE
Drugs don’t very often do much cure to any disease. Yet these drugs are popular and universally used to lighten and relieve various unpleasant symptoms of diseases such as pains, fevers etc. What verb expresses the action of such drugs? These drugs alleviate the pain.
TO COMMISERATE
When people have suffered a bereavement or they have been wounded by life or by friend, they most need to feel that they are not alone, that you share their misery even if you cannot directly alleviate their sorrow. Your sympathy and compassion are alleviation enough. What verb describes this sharing of feelings? You are commiserating.
TO VACILLATE
You have got selected in Harvard and Princeton. Both of them are the most prestigious colleges and now you are confused as to which one to choose. Harvard is all over great and offers you with great scholarship but Princeton is the best for the course you are interested in. First it’s Harvard then Princeton, then back to Harvard. Which verb describes what you are doing? You are vacillating.

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Understanding Words # Expressing Oneself

Words are symbols of ideas – and if you want to learn more words it is always good if you learn more ideas. This time we will learn words that tell us about what is going on. what is happening, what people do to each other or to themselves, or what others do to them.

TO ENERVATE

Let us say you have stayed up all night, burned the midnight oil (yes this is the idiom for waking up all night). And what were you doing? An exciting assignment, writing a short story, planning a campaign? Well, no. These are some of the great ways of whiling away time. You were instead in a room with a patient or taking care of someone who just met with an accident or stayed up because of some emotional issues. Now, you are exhausted. Your exhaustion is mental, physiological and emotional. The verb that expresses the effect of the night’s frustration on you is enervate.

TO CASTIGATE

You are worried about something. May be the boss scolded or you had a fight with your lover. In that frustration you are driving your car and missed on a signal. Few minutes later you see the police van behind you and clearly hear the siren. You stop the car but the police officer turns out to be very sweet and courteous and only asks for your driver’s license and even says please.
You get more irritated and start yelling at him or her. You even go on questioning his/her honesty saying that he/she is wasting time and not catching the criminals. How did you reacted? The verb that tells it is castigage.

TO SELF ABNEGATE

Nirmala is selfless, to her the needs of her husband and children come first. She will buy things for them first and if money left, she would spend on herself. At the dinner table, she heaps everyone’s plate while she herself goes without. Nirmala will deny herself things, will scrimp and save and her self esteem does not permit her to give herself. What verb describes what Nirmala Does? She self-abnegates.

TO VEGETATE

You wake up every Monday morning, thinking how bad the morning is? Perhaps you start thinking about the last five years and how you have wasted them!! Not read enough books, made any exciting friend or had any startling thought. Economically, things are not better and you still follow the same old routine. No change, nothing but routine, sameness,monotony and for what? What verb describes how you think you live? You are vegetating.

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Make A Sentence # Rearrange Words

Given below are sentences that have been jumbled up. You need to rearrange words to make meaningful sentences.

Question – The/ to/ the/ expression / of/ early/ modern/ sexuality/of/reinscription/ is/ conducive / materiality/./

Answer – The reinscription of early modern sexuality is conducive to the expression of materiality.

Question – The/ fantasy/ the/  of/ binary/ opposition/ rehearses/ canon/./unanalyzed/ arbitrariness/ of/ the/ literary/

Answer – The fantasy of binary opposition rehearses the unanalyzed arbitrariness of the literary canon.

Question – The / the /marketing/ of/  in /juxtaposition/ with/,/ if/ not/ in/  difference/./validity/ of/ anxiety/ is/ often/ found/representational/direct/ opposition /to/,/

Answer – The representational validity of anxiety is often found in juxtaposition with, if not in direct opposition to, the marketing of difference.

Question – The /fantasy/with/ it/ the/  carries / eclectic/./teleology/ of/ the/ of/ the/ preprofessional/teleology/ of/ the/ of/ the/ preprofessional/

Answer – The fantasy of the preprofessional carries with it the teleology of the eclectic.

Question- The/ epistemology/ of/ autonomous /selfhood/ nation-state/./highlights/ the /expression/ of /the/

Answer – The epistemology of autonomous selfhood highlights the expression of the nation-state.

Question – The / instantiates/interaction/./ fiction/ of/ an /anthropocentric/ the /writing /of/ communicative /history/

Answer – The fiction of an anthropocentric history instantiates the writing of communicative interaction.

Question- The/  parallels/ ./phenomenalism /of/ binary/ opposition/the /ideology/ of/ the/ parent-child /dynamic/

Answer- The phenomenalism of binary opposition parallels the ideology of the parent-child dynamic.

Question – The / to/ the/ project/ of/ the /culture/ industry/./post-Foucaultian/ sexuality /is/ socialization/ of / effect/ identical/in/

Answer – The socialization of post-Foucaultian sexuality is in effect identical to the project of the culture industry.

Question- The/connected /to/ the/ organicism/./ experience/ of/ the /private/ is /figuralization/ of/ humanist/

Answer – The experience of the private is connected to the figuralization of humanist organicism.

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Make A Sentence # Rearranging

Given below are sentences that have been jumbled up. You need to rearrange the words and make meaningful sentences. Make sure you use all the words given in the question.So, go on rearranging words and improve your writing skills

  1. human / energy/,/ increases / performance/./ arousal/ and/ affects/ It /gives /ANSWER It gives energy, increases human arousal and affects performance.
  2. The / are /obligated /to/ do /under/ international/ conventions/./ of/ complaints / prosecuted /by/ the/ authorities/ instead /of/ processed/ has/ now /become /a/ centrepiece/ unjustly/ for /by/ advocates /for/ migrants/ who /say /people /with/ potential/ refugee/ claims /are /being/ case / asylum/,/ as/ they/ ANSWER The case has now become a center piece of complaints by advocates for migrants who say people with potential refugee claims are being unjustly prosecuted by the authorities instead of processed for asylum, as they are obligated to do under international conventions.
  3. Most/ of / by/ flying/ had/ tried/ to/ enter/ to/ Moscow/ on/ tourist/ or/ other/ the /migrants/ Europe /visas/./ANSWER Most of the migrants had tried to enter Europe by flying to Moscow on tourist or other visas.
  4. Norway/,/ which /gives / other/ European /countries/./ Union/,/ is/ part/people/ who /enter /unfettered/while/ not/ a /member /of/ the /European / access /to/ most/ of/ the/ Schengen /Area/,/ANSWER Norway, while not a member of the European Union, is part of the Schengen Area, which gives people who enter unfettered access to most other European countries.
  5. The /with /temperatures /on /Friday/weather/ has/ posed / hovering /around /freezing/./a/ challenge/,/  ANSWER The weather has posed a challenge, with temperatures on Friday hovering around freezing.
  6. This /is/ for/  both /for/ us /and / overcome /it/./Russia/,/ but /together/ we/ must/a /challenge/ ANSWER This is a challenge both for us and for Russia, but together we must overcome it.
  7. The/ unfriendly/ border/ guards/,/ barbed-wire /fences /and/ cluttered /refugee/ camps/ that/ lure/ of /this /unlikely/ route /is/ that /it/ bypasses /migrants/ bound/ for/ Germany/ and /Scandinavia/ often /encounter/ in/ Central/ Europe/./ ANSWER The lure of this unlikely route is that it bypasses unfriendly border guards, barbed-wire fences and cluttered refugee camps that migrants bound for Germany and Scandinavia often encounter in Central Europe.
  8. About/ said/ made /this/month/,/ 1,200/ refugees/ journey /in /2015/,/ compared /with /just/ a/ dozen/according/ to /Reuters/./ in /a /report/ this / in/ 2014/,/ Norway’s /government / seeking/ asylum /have/ANSWER About 1,200 refugees seeking asylum have made this journey in 2015, compared with just a dozen in 2014, Norway’s government said in a report this month, according to Reuters.
  9. We/ have / but/ we/  to/ shelter /them/,/on/ the /streets/,/cannot/ leave/ them /no/ space/ either/./ ANSWER We have no space to shelter them, but we cannot leave them on the streets, either.
  10. Many /Nikel /are /women/ and /of/ the/ migrants/ stuck/ in /children/./ ANSWER Many of the migrants stuck in Nikel are women and children.

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