IELTS Essay # Public health responsibility of the government or the individual?

IELTS Writing Essay

Public health responsibility of the government or the individual?

Some people think that public health in a country can be improved by the government making laws regarding nutritious food. Others, however, think that health is a matter of personal choice and responsibility. Discuss both views and give your opinion.


A healthy nation is a wealthy nation. This essay will discuss whether health care is the duty of the government or the individual himself. According to me, the government can be held responsible for the public health care centers while at a personal level, individuals must take care of their health.

The government can improve the health care facilities of a nation. The state can take adequate measures to ensure decent health care infrastructure. Officials can also promote healthy communities, like for instance, promotion of free eye care or dental checkup organized by the state. Awareness about communicable diseases and their prevention is also the duty of the government. Keeping our environment clean is not the sole duty of the individuals but of the government as well. The distribution of national resources on health care centers scarcely can be problematic for society as a whole.

Under other conditions, health is the ultimate responsibility of the individual. Factors like hereditary conditions and inactive lifestyle of humans do contribute largely. Even if the illness is self- inflicted or not, one must take care of their health without depending upon the government. There are some measures that individuals can implement in order to improve their health. For instance, activities like smoking and intoxication can be avoided by the people themselves in order to enjoy an active lifestyle.

In the final analysis, to contribute for the nation and be responsible citizens, we need to have a certain level of health and well-being. For me personally, well-being is an individual’s responsibility and they must not fail to assume this responsibility. Though the Government needs to provide adequate healthcare facilities, as a basic human right, people must not take advantage of the welfare facilities provided by the nation.   

(292 words)


  • INTOXICATION- being intoxicated, especially by alcohol.
  • WELFARE- health, happiness and fortune of a person or a group.

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