The quiz given below is based on the reading article President.
The table below has two columns, column A and column B. Column A consist of the words given in the passage and column B has the meaning of the words. You need to match the word with the correct meaning.
|| (i)to be changing rapidly or be in a confused state
|| (ii)a person who operates or is in charge of an engine
|| (iii)a success or triumph over an enemy in battle or war
||(iv) to come between disputing people, groups, etc.
|| (v)to announce or declare in an official or formal manner
|| (vi)extension or carrying to further point
|| (vii)to take up or goon with again after interruption
|| (viii)to challenge the power of
|| (ix)to start up or burst out in sudden, fierce activity, passion, etc
|| (x)a state of great commotion, confusion, or disturbance
|| (xi)readily seen
|| (xii)of or relating to a governmental or political system, principle, or practice in which individual freedom is held as completely subordinate to the power or authority of the state, centered either in one person or a small group that is not constitutionally accountable to the people
|| (xiii)foretell a future
|| (xiv)to cheer, salute, or greet
|| (xv)to associate or connect by some mutual relationship, as resemblance or friendship
|| (xvii)the act or an instance of harassing, or disturbing, pestering, or troubling repeatedly
|| (xviii)to weaken or cause to collapse by removing underlying support, as by digging away or eroding the foundation
|| (xix)favoring complete obedience or subjection to authority as opposed to individual freedom
|| (xx)existing or occurring for a long time
|| (xxi)the management of the resources of a community, country, etc.,especially with a view to its productivity
|| (xxii)to flourish or thrive
|| (xxiii)pertaining to or charged with the execution of laws and policies or the administration of public affairs
|| (xxiv)a sudden assault or attack, as upon something to be seized or suppressed
|| (xxv)the act of passing judgment as to the merits of anything
|| (xxvi)a combination or alliance, especially a temporary one between persons, factions, states, etc.
|| (xxvii)the act or instance of dominating
|| (xxviii)a person who refuses allegiance to, resists, or rises in arms against the government or ruler of his or her country
|| (xxix)to attack vigorously or violently
Given below are sentences that have a word that is highlighted. Below it are the possible meaning of the word. Choose the correct option and improve your vocabulary for IELTS.
- As alarming as that is, the crackdown will probably get worse.
- of, relating to, or resembling twilight; dim; indistinct.
- the severe or stern enforcement of regulations, laws, etc., as to root out abuses or correct a problem
- of or like leather
- dealing with very profound, difficult, or abstruse subject matter
- Corps and its alliesd, of course, view any such opening as a grave threat to the political system and, perhaps more important, their control of large segments of Iran’s economy.
- a wanderer, vagrant, or adventurer
- digressing from or unconnected with the main subject
- to confuse or mix up
- the 26 nations that fought against the Axis in World War II and, with subsequent additions, signed the charter of the United Nations in San Francisco in 1945.
- To run for president this year, it’s not enough to be a neurosurgeon, a senator or a former secretary of state
- doctor who treats eyes
- doctor who treats brain or nerve.
- doctor who treats heart
- doctor who treats limbs
- Nowhere does the Constitution specify that to run for president one must possess a bio out of Charles Dickens or Horatio Alger
- something deluding or misleading
- a funeral song
- to have as belonging to one
- a legendary doglike goblin believed to portend death or misfortune
- Everybody loves an inspiring narrative.
- a story or account of events, experiences, or the like, whether true or fictitious
- an abnormal fear of being buried alive.
- a werewolf or alien spirit in the physical form of a bloodthirsty wolf
- These people have argued before the Supreme Court and negotiated with world leaders.
- to deal or bargain with another or others, as in the preparation of a treaty or contract or in preliminaries to a business deal.
- a soldier placed in front of a military company as a good model during training drills.
- an eating or drinking companion; fellow diner or drinker
- a person who heads a group, company, political party, etc.; a leader or manager
- And poor Donald Trump, who was born with a silver spoon and turned it into a gold one, railing about Marco Rubio’s credit cards.
- rumor or gossip
- an open cask of drinking water. b. a drinking fountain for use by the crew of a vessel
- government by the worst persons; a form of government in which the worst persons are in power
- a fence like barrier composed of one or more horizontal rails supported by widely spaced uprights
- CNN broadcast the inconclusive results of two reporters’ weekslong quest to find the classmates Ben Carson tried to stab and hit with a rock when he was 14.
- a search or pursuit made in order to find or obtain something
- noisy, clamorous, or boisterous
- to evade work, duty, etc
- CNN broadcast the inconclusive results of two reporters’ weekslong quest to find the classmates Ben Carson tried to stab and hit with a rock when he was 14
- any wildly enthusiastic speech or writing
- to pierce or wound with or as if with a pointed weapon
- characterized by sickly sentimentality; weakly emotional
- a Greek choral song or chant of vehement or wild character and of usually irregular form, originally in honor of Dionysus or Bacchus.
- All this mythmaking is a politician’s way of showing authenticity.
- having a mildly sickening flavor; slightly nauseating.
- the accidental omission of a letter or letter group that should be repeated in writing, as in Missippi for Mississippi.
- creator of myths
- of or relating to dreams
Every place has its own vocabulary, for instance, there are certain words that are associated with university and are commonly used there. So, if you are planning to go out and study in a University, you must know the following phrases –
- Enroll/sign up – When you take admission in University, you enroll or sign up for some classes. Example- Avinash enrolled for a math class. This means Avinash is going to take math class in the university.
- Hit the books – If you study hard, it means you hit the books. Example – After Avinash enrolled in the class, he hit the books. This means he studied hard after enrolling in the class.
- Hand out assignment – To give assignments. Example – The professor hands out the algebra assignment to Avinash.
- Pull an all-nighter- Pull an all-nighter means you stay all night to complete something. Example- Avinash pulled an all-nighter to complete his assignment.
- Hands in assignment/paper – This means to submit it. Example- As soon as Avinash reaches the class, he hands in the assignment.
- Cut class/skip class – Cut class/skip class means to miss classes. Example – When Avinash got an A+ in the assignment he starts cutting classes.
- Fall behind in – When you fall behind in something, it means you are lacking behind. Example- Because of cutting classes, after two weeks, Avinash fell behind in classes.
- Get Caught Up – Get caught up means you reach to the position you should be, if you did not missed the classes. Example – Avinash is very worried about the classes and he starts hitting the books again and gets caught up.
- Withdraw from the course/drop a course – This means to leave the course. Example- Avinash was not interested in withdrawing from the course.
- Plagiarize – Plagiarize means when you don’t do the work but give it to someone else or copy someone’s else work. Example- Avinash goes out to pub, but plagiarize his assignment.
- Expel/kick out- This means, you are thrown out of the university. Example- The professor finds out about Avinash plagiarizing and expels him.
English is a very broad language consisting of various words that were originally a part of either Persia or Arabian or may be Hindi. Even more, learning a new word often does not means simply to understand its meaning, because a word is often used differently in different context. You need to know the meaning of the word and then more importantly how it is being used.But then, how to learn a new word. When learning a new word make sure you do the following so that you grasp the content of the word correctly –
- Knowing the word is not enough. You need to know the words it is usually associated with and whether the word has any grammatical characteristics. And the most important part is to learn its pronunciation.
- It is always a good idea to learn a new word in phrases rather than cramming their meanings in isolation.
- Write down the nouns and the adjectives the words are generally associated with. For instance – royal family.
- Write down the verb with the structure and the nouns the word is often associated with. Example – to express an opinion.
- Write down nouns with phrases and words with prepositions. For example – shades of opinion, thanks to your help.
- Notice the grammatical structure of the words. As in when is the verb is irregular and when the noun in uncountable.
Learning words is of no use if you don’t know how to use them. So, make sure while learning new words that you can use the word correctly and also pronounce it appropriately.