India has some of the world’s most biodiverse regions. The political boundaries of India encompass a wide range of ecozones-desert, highlands, tropical and temperate forests, swamplands, plains, riverbeds, grass lands and islands. These areas have diverse flora and fauna. Let us look at the cue card that asks us to talk about an interesting animal in our country.


    You should say:

  • .what is it
  • .what it looks like
  • .where it lives
  • And explain how you feel about this animal.

Although my country is home to a large variety of flora and fauna species, I would like to talk about “Tiger” which is the largest of all cat species. It is most recognizable for its pattern of dark vertical stripes on reddish-orange fur.
It has been more than 40 years since the Bengal tiger was declared as the National animal of India. It was a part of “project tiger”, an initiative launched to check the dwindling population of tigers in India. Tigers are found in different parts of Asia like India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan , Malaysia etc.

Tigers occupy a wide range of habitat types but mostly require thick cover(to provide camouflage), proximity to water and abundance of prey. It is solitary by nature and doesn’t live in prides unlike Lions. Tigers also prefer secluded den locations which may consist of caves or hollow trees. They usually confine their movements within their own territories.

Tigers are one of the most majestic and beautiful wild animals but the situation for this species is critical and requires immediate action. Thousands of tigers have been killed by the poachers for their skin, bones and teeth which are sold in the western countries at exorbitant prices.
I feel that tiger is an iconic species and its conservation should be one of the main objectives of our country. Under the “project tiger” more than 25 tiger reserves have been established in India, in order to protect these animals as much as possible. The population of tigers has increased but poaching still remains a threat. I really hope that these efforts continue in order to preserve this amazing animal. (273 Words)


Q1.So many animals are extinct nowadays. Why you think this is happening?
Ans. In my opinion, habitat destruction and hunting are the two main reasons why so many animal species are getting endangered and extinct nowadays. In order to develop cities, farmlands and industries, deforestation has been done on a massive scale which has in turn led to animal-human conflict. Also, poaching and hunting of animals is done to sell their skin, bones etc. fetching high prices in the international market.

Q2.Why do people have pets in their homes?
Ans. A lot of people in this world are animal lovers and they keep animals like dogs and cats in their homes for a simple reason that they love them, adore them and enjoy their company. These days guide dogs or assistant dogs have become members of many families. Others, who live in the countryside also keep cows, buffaloes, horses for milking and riding purposes. In India, oxen and bulls are still used in villages for farming purposes.

Q3.Earlier people used animals for their work. What do they use now?
Ans. In the past, animals were used extensively as beasts of burden all over the world. For instance, donkeys and mules carried load, elephants carried logs and oxen were used for farming. Also, horses and camels served as means of transportation. However, in today’s technologically savvy world, machines and much faster modes of transportation have taken over the role of animals. At the same time, there are certain remote locations where these animals are used even now. A clear example would be the deserts where camels are still used widely to move from one place to another.


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