IELTS ESSAY : Causes and Solution To Environmental Damage

Writing task 2: IELTS ESSAY: Causes and Solution To Environmental Damage

You should spend 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:
An increase in the production of consumer goods is damaging the environment. What are the causes behind this environmental damage and how this problem can be solved?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant example from your own knowledge or experience.
Write at least 250 words.

Sample Answer:

In today’s materialistic world, the demand and production of consumer goods are rising at an unprecedented rate. This trend is exacerbating an enormous pressure on the environment. This essay will look at the reasons behind this issue and propose some solutions.

One of the main causes comes in the form of the infamous material plastic. It has become so widespread that a world without it is quite unimaginable, toothbrushes to medical machinery are all made up of plastic. From the making of it (made from refined crude oil) to the eventual largely improper disposal, it is one major bio hazard all the way through.

Another cause and effect factor would be e-waste. Despite electronics being fairly new to this world, they have already caused more than their fair share of environmental damage. While the fad for newer technologies is to blame for speeding up the damage, most of the blame lies on the improper disposal of these compound gadgets. Electronic garbage from various devices contain dangerous chemicals such as lead, cadmium, beryllium, mercury, and brominated flame retardants. When they are exposed to nature in land dumps, they can make the environment a more toxic place.

It is an unspoken agreement that the larger demand causes for larger exploitation. This would be fine if it weren’t for the fact that most of the assorted wastes have their own disposal methods. Sadly, these processes are largely unheeded by waste disposal authorities who instead choose to incinerate unsorted scraps, causing an even bigger environmental issue.

This is where the lack of stern policies come into play making what could be a great solution or regulation policy into a loophole allowing further abuse of the natural world. Enforcement of these pre-existing policies is a must, especially on large scale corporations. While the common people can do their bit by using the 3 R’s, we will make much faster progress if the authorities are questioned and regulated before the population.


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One comment

  • Industrialisation is the main cause of environmental damage. Industrial waste in rivers is polluting water bodies and industrial air and gases are polluting ambient air. One more cause for environmental damage is growing population which leads to deforestation and growing number of automobiles. Human being is the only reason to environmental issues we are facing now a days. This is the only time that we can save our Mother Earth. Planting trees, saving water, use of renewable sources of energy, controlling population and most importantly stop being selfish is the key to life not of us but for our coming generations.

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