Conjunctions # Grammar For IELTS

While writing sentences in IELTS you surely get extra marks if you use complex sentences. These are the sentences that talk about two or three things and are joined together by conjunctions. But what are conjunctions?
Let’s take a look at few examples-:

  • You can either take a pen or a pencil?
  • You must trust in god and do the right things.
  • Do you know that tomorrow is a holiday?
  • She will pass if she works hard.
  • He is more intelligent than you are.

In the above sentences the words that have been italicized are conjunctions.
Conjunctions are the words that are used to join two or more sentences.
They are of two types-:

These conjunctions add two or more clauses of the same rank i.e the clauses independent of each other. They are of four kinds-:

  1. Cumulative conjunctions-: Using these statements a fact is simply added to another. Examples are -: and, both…. And, as well as, not less than.
    He submitted the work both late and incomplete.
    She as well as her sister is talented.
    He is no less than his brother in fighting.
  2. Alternative conjunctions-: using these conjunctions a choice is given. Examples are-: either… or, neither … nor, or, else.
    You can either listen to your hear or live in the guilt of doing what others thought was right for you.
    In this way you will neither win nor loose.
  3. Adversative conjunctions-: These conjunctions are used to show contrast between two facts. Example-: but, still, nevertheless, only.
    He is fast but lazy.
    He is successful still down to earth.
    You can win only if you work hard.
  4. Illative conjunctions-: These conjunctions are used when we need to prove a fact from another. Example are-: therefore, hence, so, consequently.
    He was found guilty and therefore arrested.
    This goes with this and that with that, hence proved.
    He did not worked hard, so he failed.


Fight Anxiety

If English is a second language to you, you may feel anxious, especially when the person you are talking to is a native speaker. How to remove this anxiety? But what is anxiety? The feelings that you get when your heart starts beating faster or you start to shake. You may feel nervous. This is anxiety. So, what should you do to get rid of this? Well, you can always follow the tips given below, but remember; just knowing what you should do is not enough. You need to actually inculcate them in your daily life to fight anxiety.

    1. Breathe-: Take a deep breath whenever you feel anxious. There are times when you are surrounded by people and you won’t like to do it. But, even in those times, try taking deep breathe; just make sure they don’t see you doing this. The heart that is beating fast calms down when you breathe. So, breathe when you feel anxious.

Walk-: Whenever you feel anxious, may be before a presentation or a meeting, take small walk. May be around your room. It can actually calm you down. By walking I don’t mean that you need to take hours of walk just to improve your speaking.

  • Automate Language-: You must have heard the old adage,” practice makes perfect”. Automate language means exactly that. When you practice something again and again, your brain starts doing it automatically for you. So, practice English. Practice the expressions, practice more till you start doing it automatically.
  • You need not to be perfect-: When you hear a native speaker, some of you may say wow, they speak so well. But the fact is they make a lot of mistakes. Mistakes in terms of grammar or vocabulary. No one is there to judge you harshly. It is okay to make mistakes as long as you are ready to rectify them or learn from them. Remember, you cannot be perfect on day 1.
  • Mantras-: Mantras are the words you say to yourself. For example, you could have a mantra like;” I am a good speaker”. So whenever you make mistake, say it to yourself. Repeat it again. Language is a powerful tool. You become what you say to yourself, because after all that is what you think. Speak positive to you, even in the times of negativity. Speak positive. Keep the flame of hope burning.


Anxiety is just a problem, and like all other problems it also has a solution. Solve it and live your dream.