IELTS Essay # Migration from rural areas

IELTS Essay, Migration from rural areas

Many countries today are experiencing high levels of migration from rural areas to cities. What are the causes of this trend, and what effects does it have on the existing city dwellers? Give reasons for your answer, and provide ideas and examples from your own experience.

You should spend about 40 minutes on this question. You should write at least 250 words.

Sample Answer

Migration from countryside to cities is growing at a very rapid pace. Various countries are experiencing this pattern today. In this essay, I will discuss the reasons as to why this happens and the effects it has on the inhabitants of the cities.
On one hand, the main cause of this is unemployment. Rural areas experience slow growth as compared to cities due to their remote locations and lack of basic infrastructure. There are several parts in my country, India that still have dirt roads and no electricity. Without basic facilities in place, it is very difficult for companies to come up and set factories and offices there. Moreover, majority of the people in countryside are engaged in farming. With modernisation of farming techniques and less dependency on manual labour, most of the people have lost their livelihoods leaving them with no choice but to flock towards cities.
Regarding the effects felt by urban residents, perhaps the biggest problem is overpopulation. Cities nowadays have become big concrete jungles where only a certain amount of people can fit in. It increases the burden on already over laden infrastructure. Local transports suffer exponentially and the number of vehicles on the roads increases rapidly, having detrimental effects on the environment. Accommodation becomes expensive as well as property markets skyrocket leading to hardships for people as many may never be able to buy houses in their lifetime.
To sum up, poverty and unemployment are the main reasons as to why people move from rural areas to cities. To overcome this issue, government should allocate a certain amount of funds from the budget for development of rural areas. Effective laws should also be put in place to regulate accommodation prices and city dwellers can be more welcoming towards people from the countryside. (297 Words)


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