Writing Task: How to write a report on a given map

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How to summarise the changes in a map?
  • Identify the changes in the given maps.
  • Generally, there are five main categories of changes.
  • Changes are usually related to shops, jobs, parks, entertainment, cinema, restaurant, new buildings, hotels, trees, traffic and roads etc.
  • We have to use the appropriate verbs in the given categories to discuss about the changes.
Category Appropriate verbs

 

1.    Expansion

 

Enlarge, bigger, extend,

Example. Hostel area has been enlarged.(if happened in present)

Or

Hostel area was enlarged.(if happened in the past)

 

2.    Removal

 

Knock down, pull down, demolish, cut down

E. Old market has been knocked down. (if happened in present)

Or

Old market was knocked down. (if happened in the past)

 

3.    Introduction

 

Build, introduce, construct, erect,

Eg. A big shopping mall has been constructed. (if happened in present)

Or

A big shopping mall was constructed. (if happened in the past)

 

 

4.    Conversion

 

Convert, make into, redevelop, turn into

Eg. The bank has been converted into a five star hotel. .(if happened in present)

Or

The bank was converted into a five star hotel. (if happened in the past)

 

5.    Generalisation

 

Industrialize, modernise, urbanise

Eg. The city has been modernised. (if happened in present)

Or

The city was modernised. (if happened in the past)

 

  1. We describe changes by using present perfect passive, if the changes have taken place recently or in the current year. We generally use such sentences in the first paragraph of introduction.

Eg. A new flyover has been built.

 

  1. We use the simple past passive to describe changes which have taken place, in further paragraphs.

Eg. The bank was converted into a five star hotel.

 

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IELTS Academic Writing Task : Changes in Sunburn City

IELTS Academic Writing Task 1

The two maps below show changes that  took place in Sunburn City between 1985 and 2010.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.

Sample Answer

The two maps represent the changes which have taken place in Sunburn City over a period of 25 years from 1985 to 2010. In the given period, infrastructural development was done on a large scale, although, trees were also cut down massively.

All individual houses were demolished in the north east to construct a new stadium. Moreover, new railway tracks were extended towards north, along the sea. The forest area was also converted into a beautiful amusement park. All the dwellings and trees were cleared in the area adjacent to the railway station and replaced by warehouses. A marina was also built at the estuary.

The single accommodations were replaced by skyscrapers on the bank of Delta river .In addition, the school area was also relocated and enlarged, in the close proximity of skyscrapers. The woodland area was also cleared for the airport relocation .Next to the new airport, many factories were set up, in the east.

To conclude, a comparison of the maps reveals that the city has changed dramatically. The green city was converted into an industrial zone by making end to end changes to facilitate economic growth.

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