Matter # Practice Reading

Anything which occupies( fill) space and has mass is called matter. Air and water; hydrogen and oxygen; sugar and sand; silver and steel; copper and coal; iron and wood; ice and alcohol; milk and oil; rocks and minerals; are all different kinds of matter, because all of them occupy space and mass.
If we look around us, we can see a large number of things of different shapes, sizes and textures. Many of these things are used by us in our everyday life. For example, we eat food, drink water, breathe in air and wear clothes. We use able and chair for studying and bed for sleeping. We also see other human beings, various animals, plants and trees around us. The things like food, water, air, clothes, table chair, human beings, animals, plants, trees etc. are all examples of matter.
The only conditions for ‘something’ to be matter are that it should occupy space and have mass. Now, the things like friendship, love, affection, hatred, good manners, do not occupy space and do not have mass. So, from the point of view of chemistry, things like affection, hatred are not considered matter.
Matter can be classified in a number of ways. Ancient Indian philosophers said that all matter, living or non-living was made up of five basic elements: air, earth, fire, sky and water. Modern day scientists classify matter in two ways: on the basis of its physical properties and on the basis of its chemical properties. On the basis of physical properties, matter can be classified as solids, liquids and gases. On the basis of chemical properties, matter is classified as elements, compounds and mixtures.
Source- science for ninth class, S.Chand.

QUESTION TIME
Complete the notes below.
Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer.
Something that possesses (1)___________ and (2)__________ is called matter. Matter is found in different (3) _____________, (4) _________ and (5) ____________. It gets classified in two ways. According to Indian philosophers matter was made up of five elements. However, the modern day scientists differ from tem and classify matter in (6)______ ways. On the basis of(7) _____________ and the basis of (8) ___________. Matter is of (9)________, (10)___________ and (11)___________ types on the basis of chemical properties and (12) _________, (13)______________ and (14)__________ on the basis of physical properties.
ANSWERS

  1. mass
  2. space
  3. shapes
  4. size
  5. texture
  6. two
  7. chemical properties
  8. physical properties
  9. solid
  10. liquid
  11. gases
  12. elements
  13. compounds
  14. mixtures

IELTSBAND7

Albert Einstein # Day 1

Albert Einstein, hailed (to describe somebody or something as being very good or special, especially in newspapers etc.) as the greatest (extremely good and therefore admired by people) physicist (a scientist* who studies physics) of the 20th century, found the relation between energy, mass and the speed of light. That marked (made a noticeable or distinct impact) a milestone (a very important stage or event in the development of something) in human progress. He defined the special theory of relativity in 1905 and, ten years later, the General Theory of Relativity. He thus enlarged (to make something bigger) Sir Isaac Newton’s understanding of the universe. Stephen hawking, a British physicist, chose the growing field for the further study. He came up with a theory about the origin of the universe. He said that the universe began with a big bang. He predicted (to say that something will happen in the future) that the universe would end up as a huge black hole.
What is a black hole? A black hole is far out in space. It is dark because it does not reflect light, but sucks light in. You can look upon a black hole as a light guzzler (a car that needs lot of petrol). But it is not called by that name. Names often end up as misnomers (a name or a word that is not appropriate or accurate). Think of a sun Ayana with a squint (a condition of the eye muscle which causes eye to look in a different direction) or a Manohar who is as ugly (unpleasant to look at) as a toad (an unpleasant person). No black hole has a hole. In reality, it is tightly packed with matter and hence very dense (difficult to see through).
* Scientist is someone who studies one or more of natural science
QUESTION TIME
Use the words given below to answer the following questions-
Hailed, greatest, physicist, mark, milestone, enlarged, predicted, guzzler, misnomers, squint, ugly, dense

The form of the words can be changed


  1. Once there was women, all naked, lying on the road, with ants wrapped all over her body. She was crying for help, but no one else did, except a lady, later came to known as mother Teresa. Which word will you use for Mother Teresa?
  2. Steve jobs is often regarded as the father of the digital revolution. He had a huge impact on youngsters and changed the way people chose their profession. What did he left behind?
  3. I am going to hide behind the wall, because no one can see me through it. From the given words which word can be used to describe the wall?
  4. When she won the Nobel Prize for peace, the entire newspapers were filled with information about her. Who she was, what she liked and how she became what she became. What did newspapers did?
  5. Alice loves science and particularly physics. She often says she wants to know everything about physics. What do you think Alice is most likely to become in future?
  6. Tanesha had many failures in his life. She got poor grades in the beginning and was even sexually exploited but falling in love changed her life forever. What did love meant to Tanesha?
  7. She never learns answers, all she does is understand the main concepts and expands them into full answers. What does she does?
  8. Alex was so sure that she will get 98% in boards that she went on to tell it confidently to others. What was Alex doing?
  9. I lose a lot of money because of my old car. The engine is so old that now it needs more petrol than others. What will you call my car?
  10. No matter what my name has ever been, people have mostly called me as either mad or mental or psycho. What are these different words people have called me by?
  11. That black and white dress irritates me because of its loud colour. So, how is the dress for me?
  12. She mostly speaks abusive language and it becomes quite irritating to be with her. What kind of a person is she?
  13. She cannot play archery as well, because of the fact that she looks in different direction. What problem is she facing?

ANSWERS


  1. Greatest
  2. Mark
  3. Dense
  4. Hailed
  5. Physicists
  6. Milestone
  7. Enlarge
  8. Predicting
  9. Guzzler
  10. Misnomer
  11. Ugly
  12. Toad
  13. Squint

IELTSBAND7

Introduction # Reading Course

Learning how to read in English is the first step one can take to achieve a high band in IELTS. This goes especially for the native speakers. Now, if on the first day of preparing for IELTS you go about and start reading an academic journal, chances are high that you will completely lose your brain and in worse case stop preparing for IELTS altogether.
This is not something that British council or IDP wants and I am sure that this is not something that you will like yourself. Giving up is not the first choice of anyone.

So, how can one improve their reading skills? The only way you can do it, is move step by step. Take a firm step and move forward only if you have already taken the previous step with your entire heart out.
With this article, we are now beginning a series of post that will help you to improve your reading skills day by day. The course is free and frankly speaking, if you read the posts every day, level by level, I can assure you a 7.5+ band in IELTS.
So, what is the course and how is it going to go about? Well, there is no rocket science or new inventions going about here. The posts that will be published under this section, will be the ones that have already been published. So, what is the point of it? Well, the posts will be thoroughly examined and will be divided into levels, helping you to not fall in the trap of fear of English.
This will be taken from story books, magazines, novels, scientific journals, reports i.e. the stuff that you will find questions from, in the reading section of your IELTS.

There are four levels to this course-
Level 1 – This level will have posts from secondary level English books, content that is usually published in the local English newspapers. The content size will be 150-200 words.
Level 2 – This level will have articles from magazines, international newspapers, content that a graduate tends to find in his/her book. The content size will be 250-500 words.
Level 3 – This level will have extracts from scientific magazines, books on topics such as sociology or phycology etc. The content size will be 500-1100 words.
And don’t you worry, there won’t be just posts, the difficult words will be explained saving you from the hassle of looking for dictionary every time, you wish to read.

Remember, a wall can be built only if you think about placing the brick in hand perfectly and not get lost in the size and the complexities of building the wall.
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The Social Media Effect # Practice Reading

Over the past 15 years, the world as we know it has been taken by storm through the onset (a beginning or start) of social media (websites and other online means of communication that are used by large groups of people to share information and to develop social and professional contacts). According to Com score (2011) about 90 percent of U.S. Internet users visit a social media site each month. Because we live in such a largely global-society (used to refer to a society that is being built in modern times in which all the people of the world have a good deal in common with one another), creating and maintaining an online presence has become most relevant (bearing upon or connected with the matter in hand) in promoting (to help or encourage to exist or flourish) your brand and expanding (to increase in extent, size, volume, scope, etc) your social network (a network of friends, colleagues, and other personal contacts).

As we know, perception (the act or faculty of perceiving, or apprehending by means of the senses or of the mind; cognition; understanding)is everything; especially in the world of social media. In terms of perception, we all have an ideal self. We all wish to maximize our careers, our profession, and aspire (to long, aim, or seek ambitiously) to be like those who we find most successful (achieving or having achieved success). As the use of social media continues to evolve; the concept of presenting our ideal selves versus our real selves has become more and more prevalent (widespread; of wide extent or occurrence; in general use or acceptance.) on social media platforms such as Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Google+, Pinterest, and even LinkedIn.

As research (to search or search for again) suggests (to mention or introduce (an idea, proposition, plan, etc.) for consideration or possible action), your “real self” is what you are – your attributes (to regard as resulting from a specified cause; consider as caused by something indicated (usually followed by to), your characteristics (a distinguishing feature or quality), and your personality (the visible aspect of one’s character as it impresses others). Your “ideal self” is what you feel you should be; much of it due to societal and environmental influences. From a societal (noting or pertaining to large social groups, or to their activities,customs, etc.standpoint (the point or place at which a person stands to view something), many of us are driven by competition (the act of competing; rivalry for supremacy, a prize, etc), achievement (something accomplished, especially by superior ability, special effort,great courage, etc.; a great or heroic deed), and status; hence, the creation (the act of producing or causing to exist; the act of creating;engendering.) and portrayal (a portrait)of our ideal selves.

Source : The Huffing ton Post

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