IELTS Graph WRITING TASK 1
You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The bar graph below shows the leading causes of deaths by gender in Australia in 2014.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words.
The bar graph compares the proportion of males and females who died from various diseases in Australia in 2014.
It is clearly evident that ischaemic heart diseases were the biggest cause of death for both men and women in 2014, accounting for 11,082 and 9,091 deaths, respectively. Dementia including Alzheimer and cerebrovascular diseases were more prevalent among females than males. About 14000 women and slightly more than 8000 men died from them.
Looking at life threatening health problems among men, it is noticeable that trachea, bronchus and lung cancer and chronic lower respiratory diseases were two major killers. These illnesses took the lives of nearly 9000 men as compared to 7000 women. Surprisingly, the mortality rate due to diabetes was approximately equal for both genders as figures stood at just over 2000 in both cases. Various types of cancers such as skin, blood, colon, breast and prostate etc. were also responsible for numerous deaths of both sexes in that year.
Overall, ischaemic cardiovascular problems contributed to the largest number of deaths in 2014. Other major causes of deaths reflect a gender bias: mental disorders like dementia and Alzheimer killed more females whereas respiratory diseases led to the loss of lives of more males.
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